Report Description

Forecast Period


Market Size (2024)

USD 2.05 Billion

Market Size (2030)

USD 3.37 Billion

CAGR (2025-2030)


Fastest Growing Segment

Phase III

Largest Market

West India

Market Overview

India Clinical Trials Market was valued at USD 2.05 Billion in 2024 and is anticipated to project impressive growth in the forecast period with a CAGR of 8.64% through 2030. The Clinical Trials Market refers to the global industry involved in the operation and management of clinical trials, which are crucial research investigations. In these trials, individuals voluntarily participate to test new treatments, interventions, or tests that aim to prevent, detect, treat, or manage various diseases or medical conditions. By conducting these trials, researchers aim to determine not only the safety and effectiveness but also the scalability of new drugs or treatments, ensuring their potential impact on a larger scale.

This market encompasses a wide range of stakeholders, including pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, healthcare providers, academic institutes, and more. All these entities collaborate in a concerted effort, playing a pivotal role in accelerating the process of drug discovery and development. Through their collective endeavors, innovative treatments can be made available to patients worldwide, addressing unmet medical needs and improving health outcomes across diverse populations. This continuous pursuit of knowledge and advancements in clinical research ultimately leads to breakthroughs that shape the future of medicine and benefit humanity as a whole.

Key Market Drivers

Growing Demand for Clinical Trials

India's healthcare landscape has been witnessing a significant surge in the demand for clinical trials, reflecting a global trend towards evidence-based care. This growing need stems from the recognition that achieving a higher standard of healthcare outcomes necessitates not only access to innovative drugs, devices, and treatment protocols but also rigorous testing and evaluation of their efficacy and safety.  In India, this necessity is further compounded by the country's diverse genetic pool, encompassing a multitude of ethnicities, lifestyles, and disease profiles. This diversity presents a unique opportunity to conduct comprehensive and inclusive clinical trials that can provide valuable insights into the effectiveness of medical interventions across various population groups. By conducting trials in India, researchers can gain a deeper understanding of how different factors, such as genetic predispositions and cultural practices, influence treatment outcomes.

India's robust pharmaceutical industry, offers a conducive environment for conducting these trials. The presence of well-established research institutions, state-of-the-art healthcare facilities, and a supportive regulatory framework further enhances India's appeal as a preferred destination for global pharmaceutical companies seeking to conduct clinical trials. The Indian government has also demonstrated proactive support by streamlining regulatory processes, ensuring ethical standards, and promoting transparency in clinical research. This commitment to facilitating medical advancements not only benefits the Indian population but also contributes to global medical research, fostering collaboration and knowledge sharing among healthcare professionals worldwide.

The growing demand for clinical trials in India has promising economic implications. It creates new job opportunities in the healthcare and research sectors, stimulates innovation and technological advancements, and attracts foreign investment. This virtuous cycle of progress not only strengthens the healthcare ecosystem but also contributes to the overall economic growth of the country. The increasing demand for clinical trials in India goes beyond being a response to global trends. It reflects India's commitment to improving healthcare outcomes, contributing to global medical research, and leveraging its unique healthcare landscape and resources. By conducting comprehensive trials, India aims to address the diverse healthcare challenges faced by its population while driving innovation, economic growth, and ultimately improving the well-being of people worldwide.

High R&D Expenditure of the Pharmaceutical Industry

The pharmaceutical industry’s substantial investment in Research and Development (R&D) is driving an upsurge in the demand for clinical trials in India. With the relentless pursuit of developing new drugs and treatments, companies recognize the necessity for comprehensive and rigorous clinical trials. India, with its vast and diverse patient population, presents an ideal environment for these trials, enabling the generation of robust and diverse data essential for scientific advancements.

Conducting clinical trials in India often proves to be cost-effective, a significant advantage for companies grappling with the high costs of R&D. The government's supportive regulations and the availability of skilled medical professionals further contribute to India's attractiveness as a preferred destination for clinical trials. This favorable ecosystem fosters collaboration between pharmaceutical companies, research institutions, and healthcare providers, reinforcing India's position as a prominent player in the global pharmaceutical landscape.

By investing in cutting-edge research and development, the pharmaceutical industry not only drives innovation but also fuels the growth of clinical trials in India. This symbiotic relationship strengthens India's contribution to the global healthcare ecosystem, ultimately benefiting patients worldwide.

Rising Prevalence of Diseases

India is witnessing a rapid acceleration in the demand for clinical trials as the prevalence of diseases continues to surge. The incidence of diseases, particularly chronic conditions like diabetes and heart disease, is on the rise due to shifting lifestyle patterns and the increasing life expectancy of the population. This challenging situation necessitates the urgent need for novel treatments and therapies, thus driving the demand for clinical trials.

India's rich and diverse genetic pool makes it an ideal ground for conducting these trials. The diversity allows for a more comprehensive understanding of how treatments may affect different genetic makeups, leading to personalized and targeted therapies. This unique advantage positions India as a valuable contributor to global medical research. The increased availability of highly skilled healthcare professionals, coupled with an enhanced regulatory framework, further supports the rising demand for clinical trials in India. The expertise of these professionals ensures the proper conduct and supervision of trials, adhering to rigorous ethical standards and safety protocols.

The country's vast patient population provides a broad base for recruitment, which is often a critical challenge in conducting clinical trials. With a large and diverse population, researchers have access to a wide range of participants, enabling more comprehensive and statistically significant results. Tthe combination of increased disease prevalence, India's advantageous genetic diversity, the presence of skilled healthcare professionals, and a large patient population are all contributing significantly to the growing demand for clinical trials in the country. This trend highlights India's potential to play a pivotal role in advancing medical research and improving healthcare outcomes globally.

Increasing Research and Development Promoting Outsourcing

In India, the surge in demand for clinical trials can be inextricably linked to the rise in research and development (R&D) outsourcing. As global pharmaceutical companies seek cost-effective alternatives to drive innovation, India emerges as an attractive destination due to its resource-rich capabilities and low operational cost. With its vast pool of healthcare professionals and state-of-the-art infrastructure, India offers a conducive environment for conducting cutting-edge clinical research. The country's substantial patient population and diverse gene pool provide a unique advantage, offering a broader data set for clinical trials. This diverse genetic landscape allows researchers to explore the efficacy of new treatments and therapies across different genetic profiles, ultimately leading to personalized healthcare solutions.

Adding to India's appeal is the government's commitment to improving the regulatory environment and enhancing ethical guidelines. By implementing robust regulations and stringent quality control measures, the Indian government ensures the highest standards of patient safety and data integrity in clinical trials. This commitment further bolsters the confidence of global entities in outsourcing their R&D activities to India. The rapid growth of Contract Research Organisations (CROs) in India has propelled the country's position in the global clinical trials landscape. These CROs provide specialized expertise, advanced infrastructure, and a skilled workforce, making India an ideal hub for conducting clinical trials across various therapeutic areas. In essence, the interplay of these factors creates a highly conducive environment fostering the proliferation of clinical trials in India. This not only brings about significant contributions to global healthcare advancements but also positions India as a leading destination for cutting-edge research and innovation in the pharmaceutical industry.


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Key Market Challenges

Lack of Skilled Workforce in Clinical Research

India's clinical research sector is currently facing a significant challenge due to a lack of a skilled workforce, which has resulted in a noticeable decrease in the demand for clinical trials. The domain of clinical research requires highly trained professionals who possess the necessary expertise to efficiently handle advanced analytical tools, comprehend complex medical terminologies, and navigate through stringent ethical and regulatory landscapes. Unfortunately, the current educational infrastructure in India is falling short in producing an adequate number of such professionals to meet the escalating demands of the sector. This deficit has far-reaching consequences as it hampers important scientific endeavors to discover new treatments and improve healthcare through clinical trials.

The implications extend beyond the local industry. India's potential as a global clinical research hub is being undermined as international companies hesitate to invest in a country where a skilled workforce is not assured. This reluctance to invest not only affects the growth and development of the sector but also hinders the country's progress in the field of clinical research. To address these challenges, it is crucial to take proactive steps to enhance the clinical research educational landscape in India. Efforts should be made to encourage more students to pursue this field by creating awareness about the opportunities and rewards it offers. By doing so, we can bridge the workforce deficit, revitalize the demand for clinical trials, and ensure that India's potential as a global clinical research hub is fully realized. By investing in the development of a highly skilled workforce and strengthening the educational infrastructure, India can position itself as a leading player in the field of clinical research. This will not only benefit the country's healthcare system but also contribute to advancements in medical science and improve the well-being of people worldwide.

Stringent Regulations for Patient Enrollment

Stringent regulations for patient enrollment pose significant challenges in conducting clinical trials in India, leading to a decrease in demand. The regulatory framework, designed to protect the rights, safety, and wellbeing of trial participants, often results in a long, complex, and resource-intensive patient enrollment process. Potential participants must meet specific, strict eligibility criteria concerning their health status, age, and medical history. This ensures that only suitable candidates are included in the trials, enhancing the accuracy and reliability of the findings. They must provide informed consent after receiving detailed information about the trial, including potential risks and benefits. While this comprehensive approach safeguards the participants' interests, it can deter some individuals from participating due to concerns or apprehensions. These factors have resulted in a decline in the number of individuals willing to enroll in clinical trials, hindering the progress of medical research in India. Consequently, pharmaceutical companies and research institutions, seeking efficient and timely trial execution, are increasingly exploring other, less regulated markets. However, this trend limits India's ability to contribute to global medical research and development efforts, denying the country potential opportunities for scientific advancements and healthcare improvements.

Key Market Trends

Adoption Of New Technology in Clinical Research

The adoption of new technology in clinical research is fueling an exponential increase in the demand for clinical trials in India. The introduction of cutting-edge technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and blockchain has not only transformed but revolutionized the clinical research landscape in the country. These advanced technologies have proven to be game-changers, expediting the process of data collection, enhancing data accuracy, and streamlining trial management, thereby significantly increasing efficiency and reducing costs.

The tech-driven approach has made India an exceptionally attractive destination for global pharmaceutical companies and Contract Research Organizations (CROs) seeking to conduct clinical trials. The integration of advanced technologies in clinical research has not only enhanced data reliability but has also resulted in faster trial completion times, leading to quicker regulatory approvals. This, in turn, further incentivizes more trials to be conducted in the country. India's diverse genetic pool adds another layer of advantage, making it an ideal location for conducting diverse clinical studies. The ability to include a wide range of genetic profiles in clinical trials allows for more comprehensive insights and contributes to the growing demand for clinical research in India.

The integration of technology in clinical research is not just a passing trend; it signifies a paradigm shift that is paving the way for more agile, precise, and patient-centric clinical trials in India. This transformative shift holds immense potential for advancing medical knowledge, improving patient outcomes, and ultimately shaping the future of healthcare in the country.

Digitalization Of Clinical Trials

The digitalization of clinical trials is expected to have a positive and transformative impact on market growth. With the advancement of digital technologies, multiple trial processes such as data capture, regulatory compliance, logistics and supplies management, and more, have been streamlined, leading to increased efficiency and effectiveness. This digital revolution has revolutionized the way clinical trials are conducted, allowing for real-time data acquisition related to safety and toxicity. The ability to rectify any issues promptly in trial design has further facilitated market growth.

In addition to the numerous benefits of digitalization, it is worth noting that the cost of clinical trials in India is nearly half of that incurred in the U.S. and Europe. This significant cost efficiency not only attracts global pharmaceutical companies but also creates a favorable environment for conducting clinical trials within the country. India offers a large treatment-naïve patient pool, which is highly valuable for conducting rigorous and diverse clinical studies. These factors, combined, contribute to the overall growth of the market and position India as a prominent destination for clinical research and development.

Segmental Insights

Phase Insights

Based on the phase, the phase III segment emerged as the leader in terms of revenue share. This can be attributed to the inherently cost-intensive nature of this phase. Phase III trials necessitate a substantial patient population, which is one of the primary reasons for the high cost associated with conducting these trials. The studies conducted in this phase typically span over several years, unlike phase I and II, which contributes to the overall cost of the trial and further bolsters the segment's dominance in the market.

On the other hand, the phase I segment is expected to witness notable growth over the forecast period, mainly due to the substantial research and development (R&D) investments made by both global and local pharmaceutical and biotechnological firms. The increasing demand for novel treatments and biologics, driven by advancements in medical science and the growing healthcare needs, further fuels the growth of this segment. When it comes to the different phases of clinical trials, the market is divided into phase I, phase II, phase III, and phase IV. Each phase plays a crucial role in the drug development process. Phase I primarily focuses on initial safety testing, phase II assesses the effectiveness of the treatment, phase III evaluates the treatment's efficacy and safety on a larger scale, and phase IV monitors the drug's long-term effects after it has been approved and released to the market. The continuous advancements and innovations in the field of clinical trials contribute to the overall growth and development of the healthcare industry, ensuring the availability of safe and effective treatments for patients worldwide.

Study Design Insights

Based on study design, the interventional trials segment held the largest revenue share, primarily driven by the adoption of this study design in a large number of trials. This type of study design, which includes large randomized clinical trials, is widely recognized as one of the most effective approaches for detecting small to moderate effects of drugs. It offers robust means of minimizing the influence of confounding variables, further enhancing its appeal compared to other clinical study designs.

On the other hand, the expanded access trials segment is expected to witness a significant compound annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period. This can be attributed to various factors, including the rising prevalence of serious diseases, the increasing demand for innovative treatment options, and the substantial burden of chronic diseases in the country. These factors collectively contribute to the growth of the expanded access trials segment, offering greater opportunities for patients to access novel therapies and interventions.


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Regional Insights

The Western region of India is emerging as a dominant force in the India Clinical Trials Market. With its well-established and state-of-the-art infrastructure for clinical research, including cutting-edge medical facilities and advanced laboratories, the region offers a highly conducive and progressive environment for conducting a wide range of clinical trials.

Maharashtra boasts a pool of experienced professionals in the field who possess in-depth knowledge and expertise in various therapeutic areas. These professionals are supported by a robust network of research institutions and academic centers, fostering collaboration and innovation in the field of clinical research. The state of Maharashtra has a high patient population, comprising diverse demographics and a mix of urban and rural communities. This provides ample opportunities for recruitment and participation in clinical trials, ensuring a comprehensive representation of the target population and enhancing the generalizability of study results. As a result of these favorable factors and conducive ecosystem, Maharashtra has become the preferred destination for both domestic and international organizations looking to conduct diverse and impactful clinical trials in the country. The state's commitment to ethical practices, regulatory compliance, and patient safety further strengthens its position as a leading hub for clinical research in India.

Recent Developments

  • In March 2024, Eli Lilly and Company (India) Pvt. Ltd. has initiated Phase III clinical trials in India for an oral medication named orforglipron, intended for weight loss. This oral drug aims to offer an alternative to injectable weight-loss treatments, catering particularly to patients with Type 2 diabetes, as well as those dealing with obesity or overweight and facing heightened risks of cardiovascular diseases.
  • In March 2024, clinical trials for MTBVAC, a tuberculosis vaccine candidate from Spain and the first live attenuated vaccine derived from Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from a human, have commenced in India. Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech is conducting these trials in collaboration with Biofabri. The trials aim to assess the safety and immunogenicity of MTBVAC, with a pivotal trial focusing on safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy scheduled to commence in 2025.

 Key Market Players

  • IQVIA RDS (India) Private Limited
  • PAREXEL International (India) Private Ltd
  • Icon Clinical Research India Pvt Ltd
  • Veeda Clinical Research Limited
  • Aragen Life Sciences Ltd.
  • Abiogenesis Clinpharm Pvt Ltd
  • Cliantha Research Limited Ph     ase

By Phase

 By Study Design

By Indication

By Region

  • Phase I
  • Phase II
  • Phase III
  • Phase IV
  • Interventional
  • Observational
  • Expanded Access
  • Autoimmune
  • Blood Disorders
  • Pain Management
  • Oncology
  • CNS Condition
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Cardiovascular
  • Others
  • North India
  • East India
  • West India
  • South India

Report Scope:

In this report, the India Clinical Trials Market has been segmented into the following categories, in addition to the industry trends which have also been detailed below:

  • India Clinical Trials Market, By Phase:

o   Phase I

o   Phase II

o   Phase III

o   Phase IV

  • India Clinical Trials Market, By Study Design:

o   Interventional

o   Observational

o   Expanded Access

  • India Clinical Trials Market, By Indication:

o   Autoimmune

o   Blood Disorders

o   Pain Management

o   Oncology

o   CNS Condition

o   Diabetes

o   Obesity

o   Cardiovascular

o   Others

  • India Clinical Trials Market, By Region:

o   North

o   South

o   West

o   East

Competitive Landscape

Company Profiles: Detailed analysis of the major companies present in the India Clinical Trials Market.

Available Customizations:

India Clinical Trials Market report with the given market data, Tech Sci Research offers customizations according to a company's specific needs. The following customization options are available for the report:

Company Information

  • Detailed analysis and profiling of additional market players (up to five).

India Clinical Trials Market is an upcoming report to be released soon. If you wish an early delivery of this report or want to confirm the date of release, please contact us at [email protected]

Table of content

1.     Service Overview

1.1.  Market Definition

1.2.  Scope of the Market

1.2.1.    Markets Covered

1.2.2.    Years Considered for Study

1.2.3.    Key Market Segmentations

2.     Research Methodology

2.1.  Objective of the Study

2.2.  Baseline Methodology

2.3.  Key Industry Partners

2.4.  Major Association and Secondary Sources

2.5.  Forecasting Methodology

2.6.  Data Triangulation & Validations

2.7.  Assumptions and Limitations

3.     Executive Summary

3.1.  Overview of the Market

3.2.  Overview of Key Market Segmentations

3.3.  Overview of Key Market Players

3.4.  Overview of Key Regions/Countries

3.5.  Overview of Market Drivers, Challenges, Trends

4.     Voice of Customer

5.     India Clinical Trials Market Outlook

5.1.  Market Size & Forecast

5.1.1.    By Value

5.2.  Market Share & Forecast

5.2.1.    By Phase (Phase I, Phase II, Phase III, Phase IV)

5.2.2.    By Study Design (Interventional, Observational, Expanded Access)

5.2.3.    By Indication (Autoimmune, Blood Disorders, Pain Management, Oncology, CNS Condition, Diabetes, Obesity, Cardiovascular, Others)

5.2.4.    By End User (Hospital & Clinics, Laboratories)

5.2.5.    By Region        By State (Top 3 States)

5.2.6.    By Company (2024)

5.3.  Market Map

6.     North India Clinical Trials Market Outlook

6.1.  Market Size & Forecast

6.1.1.    By Value

6.2.  Market Share & Forecast

6.2.1.    By Phase

6.2.2.    By Study Design

6.2.3.    By Indication

7.     West India Clinical Trials Market Outlook

7.1.  Market Size & Forecast

7.1.1.    By Value

7.2.  Market Share & Forecast

7.2.1.    By Phase

7.2.2.    By Study Design

7.2.3.    By Indication

8.     South India Clinical Trials Market Outlook

8.1.  Market Size & Forecast

8.1.1.    By Value

8.2.  Market Share & Forecast

8.2.1.    By Phase

8.2.2.    By Study Design

8.2.3.    By Indication

9.     East India Clinical Trials Market Outlook

9.1.  Market Size & Forecast

9.1.1.    By Value

9.2.  Market Share & Forecast

9.2.1.    By Phase

9.2.2.    By Study Design

9.2.3.    By Indication

10.  Market Dynamics

10.1.             Drivers

10.2.             Challenges

11.  Market Trends & Developments

11.1.             Merger & Acquisition (If Any)

11.2.             Product Launches (If Any)

11.3.             Recent Developments

12.  India Clinical Trials Market: SWOT Analysis

13.  Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

13.1.             Competition in the Industry

13.2.             Potential of New Entrants

13.3.             Power of Suppliers

13.4.             Power of Customers

13.5.             Threat of Substitute Services

14.  Competitive Landscape

14.1.            IQVIA RDS (India) Private Limited

14.1.1. Business Overview

14.1.2. Company Snapshot

14.1.3. Service Offerings

14.1.4. Financials (As Reported)

14.1.5. Recent Developments

14.1.6. Key Personnel Details

14.1.7. SWOT Analysis

14.2.    PAREXEL International (India) Private Ltd

14.3.    Icon Clinical Research India Pvt Ltd

14.4.    Veeda Clinical Research Limited

14.5.    Aragen Life Sciences Ltd.

14.6.    Abiogenesis Clinpharm Pvt Ltd

14.7.    Cliantha Research Limited

15.  Strategic Recommendations

16.  About Us & Disclaimer

Figures and Tables

Frequently asked questions


The market size of the India Clinical Trials Market was estimated to be USD 2.05 Billion in 2024.


IQVIA RDS (India) Private Limited, PAREXEL International (India) Private Ltd, Icon Clinical Research India Pvt Ltd, Veeda Clinical Research Limited, Aragen Life Sciences Ltd., Abiogenesis Clinpharm Pvt Ltd, Cliantha Research Limited are some of the key players operating in the India Clinical Trials Market


The Western region of India has rapidly emerged as a dominant region in the Indian clinical trials market due to its comprehensive infrastructure, skilled workforce, and supportive regulatory environment. Cities like Mumbai and Pune have become focal points for clinical research, boasting world-class hospitals, research institutions, and pharmaceutical companies.


Growing demand for clinical trials and high R&D expenditure of the pharmaceutical industry are the major drivers for the India Clinical Trials Market.


Sakshi Bajaal

Business Consultant
Press Release

India Clinical Trials Market to Grow with a CAGR of 8.64% through 2030

Apr, 2024

Adoption of new technology in clinical research and increasing research & development promoting outsourcing is expected to drive the India Clinical Trials Market growth in the forecast period, 2026-2