Report Description

Forecast Period


Market Size (2022)

2.38 billion

CAGR (2023-2028)


Fastest Growing Segment

Industrial Segment

Largest Market

Asia Pacific

Market Overview

Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market has valued at USD 2.38 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to witness an impressive growth in the forecast period with a CAGR of 6.42% through 2028.  Biological Treatment Technologies refer to a group of environmentally sustainable processes that use living organisms, such as microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, algae) and enzymes, to break down and transform organic and inorganic contaminants in various waste streams, including wastewater, solid waste, and contaminated soil. These technologies harness the natural metabolic activities of these organisms to treat, detoxify, and potentially recover valuable resources from waste materials. Biological treatment technologies are widely used in wastewater treatment, bioremediation, organic waste management, and more. Organic waste materials, such as food scraps and yard trimmings, are allowed to decompose under controlled conditions. The resulting compost is a valuable soil conditioner.

Stringent environmental regulations and standards imposed by governments globally require industries and municipalities to treat wastewater, manage organic waste, and control emissions. Biological treatment technologies are often the preferred choice for compliance with these regulations. The growth of various industries, including manufacturing, agriculture, and petrochemicals, has led to an increase in organic waste and wastewater generation. Biological treatment solutions are essential for managing and treating this waste efficiently. The production of biogas, a renewable energy source, through processes like anaerobic digestion, is an attractive driver for industries seeking energy and resource recovery. Biogas can be used for power generation and heating. Ongoing advancements in biotechnology and synthetic biology have led to the development of more efficient and specialized microorganisms for various treatment processes, enhancing the performance of biological treatment technologies. The presence of emerging contaminants in water and wastewater, such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products, has increased the demand for advanced biological treatment processes capable of removing these pollutants.

Key Market Drivers

Rising Industrial Waste Generation

As industries grow and expand, they typically produce larger volumes of organic waste. This waste may include materials like food scraps, agricultural residues, and organic byproducts from manufacturing processes. Biological treatment technologies are well-suited for efficiently managing and converting this organic waste into valuable resources. Industries are subject to stringent environmental regulations that require them to properly manage their waste and wastewater. Biological treatment technologies offer effective solutions for meeting these regulatory requirements, as they can break down and removing contaminants from various types of organic waste streams. Industries, governments, and the public are increasingly concerned about the environmental impact of waste disposal. Biological treatment methods, such as anaerobic digestion and composting, offer more sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives to traditional waste disposal methods like landfilling and incineration. Biological treatment technologies can facilitate the recovery of valuable resources from organic waste. For example, anaerobic digestion generates biogas, which can be used for energy production, and the digestate produced can serve as a nutrient-rich soil conditioner. This resource recovery aspect can make the adoption of biological treatment economically appealing.

Over the long term, biological treatment technologies can lead to cost savings for industries. These technologies can reduce waste disposal costs, lower energy consumption, and create opportunities for revenue generation through the sale of biogas, compost, or other byproducts. Many industries are embracing sustainability as a core value and have set specific sustainability goals. Biological treatment technologies align with these goals, helping companies reduce their environmental footprint, increase resource efficiency, and promote a more sustainable image. Public perception and corporate responsibility are significant factors influencing industrial practices. Adopting biological treatment technologies can improve a company's environmental reputation and demonstrate a commitment to eco-friendly waste management practices. In some regions, governments provide incentives, subsidies, or grants to encourage industries to adopt biological treatment technologies. These incentives can make the initial investment more attractive for businesses. This factor will help in the development of the Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market.

Advancements in Biotechnology

 Advancements in biotechnology have significantly contributed to the development and improvement of Biological Treatment Technologies. These advancements have expanded the capabilities and efficiency of biological treatment processes in various applications, including wastewater treatment, bioremediation, and organic waste management. Biotechnology has enabled the development of specialized microbial strains that are more efficient in degrading specific contaminants or organic materials. These engineered microorganisms can accelerate the breakdown of pollutants in wastewater and contaminated environments, making treatment processes faster and more effective. Biotechnology allows for the genetic modification of microorganisms to enhance their metabolic capabilities. This can result in microorganisms that are more robust, adaptable, and capable of surviving in challenging conditions, which is especially valuable for bioremediation applications.

Biotechnology has influenced the design of bioreactors used in various biological treatment processes. Advanced bioreactor systems incorporate innovations like biofilm reactors, membrane bioreactors, and immobilized enzyme systems, all of which improve treatment efficiency and reduce the footprint of treatment facilities. Biotechnology provides molecular tools, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing, which are valuable for monitoring and assessing microbial communities in biological treatment systems. These tools enable better control and optimization of treatment processes. The field of synthetic biology plays a significant role in biological treatment technologies. It involves the design and construction of biological parts, devices, and systems to create novel microorganisms or pathways for specific treatment goals. Synthetic biology allows for the customization of microorganisms for efficient pollutant degradation and resource recovery.

Biotechnology has enabled the use of metagenomics to study the genetic makeup of entire microbial communities in treatment systems. This approach provides insights into the functional potential of these communities and allows for the identification of novel genes and metabolic pathways that can be harnessed for treatment purposes. Biotechnology has facilitated the development of biological sensors that can detect specific pollutants or microbial activity in real time. These sensors are used for process monitoring and control, ensuring that treatment systems operate optimally. Omics technologies, including genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics, have revolutionized our understanding of microbial communities and their interactions in treatment processes. These technologies provide comprehensive insights into the dynamics of microbial populations, metabolic pathways, and their responses to environmental changes. Biotechnology has contributed to the development of bioinformatics tools and databases that help researchers and engineers analyze complex biological data. These tools aid in the interpretation of genomic and metagenomic data for improved treatment system design and operation. Biotechnology advancements have led to the development of microbial fuel cells and other technologies that can generate electricity from microbial metabolism. This has the potential to reduce energy consumption in biological treatment systems. This factor will pace up the demand of the Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market

Increasing Need of Energy and Resource Recovery

One of the primary drivers is the ability of biological treatment technologies, such as anaerobic digestion, to produce biogas as a byproduct. Biogas is primarily composed of methane and carbon dioxide and can be used as a renewable energy source for electricity generation and heating. This is particularly attractive for industries seeking to reduce their energy costs and environmental footprint. As the demand for renewable energy sources increases, biogas produced through biological treatment processes aligns with sustainability and green energy goals. It reduces reliance on fossil fuels and helps combat climate change by lowering greenhouse gas emissions. Biological treatment technologies enable the conversion of organic waste, including agricultural residues, food waste, and sewage sludge, into a valuable energy resource. This waste-to-energy approach not only reduces waste disposal costs but also contributes to a more sustainable energy mix. By treating organic waste using biological processes, industries can significantly lower the costs associated with waste disposal, as well as reduce the need for landfilling or incineration. Biological treatment technologies can recover valuable resources beyond energy, such as nutrient-rich digestate, which can be used as a soil conditioner or fertilizer. This resource recovery aspect can create additional value and reduce the environmental impact of waste disposal.

Biological treatment supports the principles of the circular economy, where waste materials are transformed into valuable resources, thus reducing the extraction of virgin resources and minimizing waste generation. Some governments offer financial incentives, subsidies, or tax credits to encourage the adoption of biological treatment technologies for energy and resource recovery. These incentives can make the investment more attractive for industries. Many companies have set sustainability goals, including reducing their environmental impact and increasing resource efficiency. The recovery of energy and resources aligns with these corporate sustainability initiatives. Biological treatment methods are considered environmentally friendly because they reduce methane emissions from landfills, which is a potent greenhouse gas. By capturing and utilizing the methane produced during anaerobic digestion, these technologies help mitigate climate change. The generation of biogas through biological treatment provides an alternative source of energy, contributing to energy security by diversifying the energy mix and reducing dependence on conventional energy sources. This factor will accelerate the demand of the Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market.

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Key Market Challenges

Technology Scalability

Scaling up biological treatment processes often involves more complex engineering and design challenges. Factors such as mass transfer, heat transfer, and fluid dynamics become increasingly important as the scale of the treatment facility grows. The design and sizing of equipment, such as bioreactors and aeration systems, must be optimized for larger volumes, and this can require significant engineering expertise. In wastewater treatment, maintaining proper hydraulic retention times and flow distribution in larger treatment plants is crucial for treatment efficiency. Scaling up can disrupt these dynamics. Effective distribution of nutrients and oxygen throughout a larger treatment system becomes more complex as the scale increases. This is especially important in biological treatment processes like activated sludge and MBRs. Managing and maintaining the health of microbial populations becomes more challenging as treatment systems expand. Proper mixing, nutrient availability, and control of contaminants are vital to microbial health and activity. Larger treatment facilities can consume more energy, and the challenge is to balance the benefits of scaling up (e.g., increased biogas production) with the higher energy requirements. Maintaining efficient control and monitoring systems across larger facilities is crucial. This includes the ability to adjust operating parameters in response to changing conditions.

Cost of Implementation

Setting up biological treatment systems often requires a substantial capital investment. This includes the purchase of equipment, construction of treatment facilities, and infrastructure development. Many biological treatment technologies require specialized equipment, such as bioreactors, aeration systems, and monitoring instruments. These can be expensive to procure and install. In some cases, existing infrastructure may need upgrades or modifications to accommodate biological treatment processes. These changes can significantly add to the implementation cost. Operating and maintaining biological treatment systems often requires a skilled and specialized workforce. Recruitment, training, and compensation for such personnel contribute to operational expenses. Ongoing research and development efforts are needed to improve and innovate biological treatment technologies. Investment in R&D adds to the overall cost of implementation.

In some cases, industries or municipalities may already have established waste disposal methods in place. Transitioning to biological treatment technologies may involve sunk costs in existing systems and infrastructure. Biological treatment processes require ongoing operational costs, including energy, maintenance, and monitoring. Energy costs can be significant, especially for processes that require aeration, heating, or cooling. Meeting regulatory requirements often necessitates additional investments in treatment technologies, monitoring systems, and reporting procedures to ensure compliance. Expansive land or space may be needed for constructing treatment facilities or installing equipment, which can be a cost challenge, particularly in densely populated or land-constrained areas.

Key Market Trends

Precision Agriculture

 Precision Agriculture can help reduce the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals in farming. By employing targeted and data-informed approaches, farmers can minimize excess nutrient runoff and chemical leaching into the environment. This, in turn, can reduce the need for biological treatment of agricultural runoff, preserving water quality and reducing treatment costs. Precision Agriculture relies on data from sensors, satellites, and other sources to make informed decisions about crop management. This data can also inform water management strategies, helping to reduce water consumption and minimize agricultural runoff that may require treatment.  Precision Agriculture promotes integrated pest management practices, which aim to control pests through biological means and reduce the need for chemical pesticides. This can lead to fewer chemical residues in soil and water, lessening the environmental burden on biological treatment systems.

Precision Agriculture optimizes resource use, including water, energy, and land. By using resources more efficiently and minimizing waste, it reduces the environmental impact of agriculture and the potential need for advanced biological treatment of agricultural waste. Precision Agriculture often focuses on improving soil health and fertility. Healthy soils can better absorb and retain nutrients and water, reducing nutrient runoff and the potential for contamination of water bodies. Remote sensing technologies used in Precision Agriculture can help detect early signs of stress or disease in crops, allowing for targeted interventions and minimizing the need for chemical treatments.

Segmental Insights

Treatment Insights

In 2022, the Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market largest share was held by Anerobic Digestion Segment and is predicted to continue expanding over the coming years. Anaerobic digestion is particularly effective in the treatment and conversion of organic waste materials into biogas (primarily methane and carbon dioxide) and nutrient-rich digestate. This process is highly efficient and helps industries manage and convert organic waste into valuable resources. The generation of biogas through anaerobic digestion is a significant driver of its adoption. Biogas can be used as a renewable energy source for heat and power generation or as a clean vehicle fuel. The growing interest in renewable energy and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have boosted the use of biogas. Anaerobic digestion minimizes the volume of organic waste, which is especially beneficial for industries, agriculture, and municipal waste management. It helps reduce the need for landfill disposal and decreases waste management costs. Anaerobic digestion aligns with the principles of the circular economy by converting waste materials into valuable products, promoting sustainability and resource recovery. It has a wide range of applications, including in the agricultural sector (for livestock manure and crop residues), food and beverage industry (for food waste), wastewater treatment (for sludge digestion), and industrial organic waste management. Its versatility makes it suitable for various sectors.

Application Insights

In 2022, the Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market largest share was held by Industrial segment and is predicted to continue expanding over the coming years.  Industrial processes, including manufacturing, mining, petrochemicals, and food production, generate substantial amounts of organic and chemical waste. Proper treatment of this waste is necessary for compliance with environmental regulations and sustainability goals. Biological treatment technologies offer effective solutions for managing and treating these industrial waste streams. Industrial facilities are subject to stringent environmental regulations and standards imposed by government agencies to ensure the protection of the environment and public health. Biological treatment technologies are often preferred for their ability to meet these strict regulatory requirements, which may involve the removal of specific contaminants or pollutants. Implementing biological treatment technologies can be cost-effective for industrial operations in the long run. These technologies can help reduce waste disposal costs, lower energy consumption, and provide opportunities for recycling and reusing water and resources, thus contributing to cost savings. Biological treatment processes, such as anaerobic digestion and bioremediation, can enable the recovery of valuable resources, such as biogas, which can be used for energy production, or the remediation of contaminated sites, making these technologies economically attractive for industrial applications.

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Regional Insights

The North America region dominates the Global Biological Treatment Technologies Market in 2022. North America, particularly the United States and Canada, has some of the most stringent environmental regulations and standards in the world. These regulations necessitate advanced biological treatment technologies for industries, municipalities, and other sectors to meet environmental compliance, such as wastewater treatment, air quality control, and hazardous waste management. The region has a strong culture of technological innovation and investment in research and development. This fosters the development and adoption of cutting-edge biological treatment technologies, allowing North American companies to remain at the forefront of the market. North America is home to a wide range of industries, including petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, and agriculture. Many of these industries generate significant amounts of organic waste, requiring effective biological treatment solutions. The region has access to abundant resources, including skilled labor, capital, and research institutions, which support the growth and development of biological treatment technologies.

Recent Developments

  • In May 2023, Lummus Technology, a global provider of process technologies and energy solutions, has announced an agreement with Siemens Energy to acquire assets from their water solutions portfolio. This acquisition includes intellectual property, copyrights, trade secrets, and research and development assets. These technologies are designed to address the water and wastewater treatment needs of the oil and gas industry, utilizing carbon adsorption, biological treatment, and hydrothermal processes. Lummus Technology will be taking over Siemens Energy's Zimpro wet air oxidation technology and PACT system, along with associated intellectual property, laboratory equipment, and related assets. These technologies will significantly broaden Lummus' sustainable and integrated offerings for treating water and wastewater generated in petrochemical and refining facilities. The Zimpro system focuses on the treatment of caustic waste from ethylene crackers, while the PACT process is an efficient wastewater treatment method engineered to remove organic pollutants from industrial wastewater. Notably, both processes offer several advantages compared to traditional treatment methods, including the conversion and destruction of high-level waste streams while minimizing the generation of secondary waste streams.
  • In January 2023, Evonik is addressing the contemporary challenges of wastewater management by introducing an innovative approach. The specialty chemicals company aims to enhance the performance of microorganisms responsible for vital material conversion processes in biological wastewater treatment with oxygen. This strategy allows for the enhancement of the efficiency of existing wastewater treatment facilities. Evonik is utilizing its SEPURAN N2 hollow-fibre membranes to produce oxygen-enriched air. The SEPURAN membranes enable the efficient separation of gases like methane (CH4), nitrogen (N2), or hydrogen (H2) from gas mixtures.

Key Market Players

  • BioCo Tech AS
  • BIFFA Plc.
  • Composting Solutions Ltd.
  • Alfa-Therm Limited
  • Supreme International Limited
  • Closed Loop Environmental Solution Pty Ltd
  • Evoqua Water Tec