Report Description

Forecast Period


Market Size (2023)

USD 210.34 Million

CAGR (2024-2029)


Fastest Growing Segment


Largest Market

Eastern Region

Market Overview

Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market has valued at USD 210.34 Million in 2023 and is anticipated to project steady growth in the forecast period with a CAGR of 6.15% through 2029. Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is a rapidly evolving sector in Saudi Arabia, contributing significantly to the kingdom's food security and economic growth. This market involves the cultivation of aquatic organisms such as fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants under controlled conditions. Saudi Arabia's strategic location provides an ideal environment for marine and inland aquaculture, enabling a year-round supply of high-quality seafood. The Saudi Aquaculture Society, along with government initiatives, is propelling the growth of this sector, aiming to produce 600,000 tons of fish by 2030.

Key Market Drivers

Abundant Availability of Coastline for Marine Aquaculture

The abundant availability of coastline in Saudi Arabia has emerged as a pivotal factor in driving the escalating demand for aquaculture within the country. With an extensive coastline along the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf, Saudi Arabia possesses a unique advantage for the development and expansion of marine aquaculture activities. The favorable geographical positioning not only provides an ample space for aquaculture farms but also facilitates the creation of a diverse range of aquatic environments suitable for various species of fish and seafood. This advantageous coastline contributes to the establishment of sustainable aquaculture practices, meeting the rising demand for seafood in the region.

As the global population continues to grow and dietary preferences shift towards healthier protein sources, the demand for fish and seafood has surged, prompting Saudi Arabia to tap into its marine resources to bridge the gap between supply and demand. The government's strategic initiatives and investments in promoting aquaculture further underscore the importance of leveraging the country's coastal assets for economic development.

Additionally, the development of modern aquaculture technologies and sustainable farming practices has enhanced the efficiency and productivity of marine aquaculture in Saudi Arabia, ensuring a reliable and consistent supply of high-quality seafood. This not only addresses domestic consumption needs but also positions the country as a potential exporter of aquaculture products, contributing to economic diversification. In conclusion, the abundant availability of coastline in Saudi Arabia has become a catalyst for the flourishing aquaculture industry, fostering economic growth, ensuring food security, and opening up new avenues for international trade in the seafood sector.

Government Initiatives & Incentives to Promote Aquaculture

Government initiatives and incentives aimed at promoting aquaculture in Saudi Arabia have significantly contributed to the burgeoning demand for this industry. The Saudi Arabian government has recognized the strategic importance of aquaculture in ensuring food security, fostering economic diversification, and creating employment opportunities. Through targeted policies and financial incentives, the government has actively supported the development of the aquaculture sector.

One notable initiative is the establishment of regulatory frameworks that streamline licensing processes for aquaculture operations, providing a conducive environment for entrepreneurs and investors. Additionally, financial incentives, such as subsidies for the establishment of aquaculture facilities and the provision of low-interest loans, have encouraged private sector participation. These initiatives not only reduce barriers to entry but also stimulate increased investments in the aquaculture value chain.

Moreover, the government's commitment to research and development in aquaculture technologies has led to the adoption of innovative and sustainable practices, further enhancing the industry's growth. As a result, the proactive involvement of the government has created a positive trajectory for the aquaculture sector in Saudi Arabia, attracting both domestic and foreign investors. This concerted effort aligns with the broader national vision of economic transformation and aligning industries with global sustainability goals. The cumulative effect is a thriving aquaculture industry, meeting the growing demand for seafood while contributing to the overall economic development of the country.

Technological Advances in Fish Farming Methods

The surging demand for aquaculture in Saudi Arabia is closely intertwined with the remarkable technological advances in fish farming methods. In recent years, the adoption of cutting-edge technologies has revolutionized the aquaculture industry in the country, contributing to increased efficiency, sustainability, and overall productivity. Advanced monitoring systems, data analytics, and automation have optimized the management of aquaculture facilities, enabling precise control over water quality, feeding processes, and disease prevention. These technological innovations not only enhance the overall health and well-being of the farmed fish but also result in higher yields and improved resource utilization.

One noteworthy advancement is the application of recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), which minimize water consumption, reduce environmental impact, and allow for the farming of fish in land-based facilities. This innovation addresses the scarcity of freshwater resources in the region and mitigates potential environmental concerns associated with traditional aquaculture methods. Additionally, genetic advancements in selective breeding have led to the development of aquaculture species that exhibit enhanced growth rates, disease resistance, and improved nutritional profiles.

The integration of these technologies has not only elevated the competitiveness of Saudi Arabian aquaculture on a global scale but has also stimulated domestic demand. Consumers are increasingly drawn to the assurance of sustainable and high-quality seafood produced through these advanced methods. The transformative impact of technological progress in fish farming methods is evident in the growing popularity and economic significance of the aquaculture sector in Saudi Arabia, positioning it as a key player in meeting the rising demand for seafood while embracing sustainable practices.

Increasing Domestic Demand for Seafood

The escalating demand for aquaculture in Saudi Arabia is intricately linked to the rising domestic appetite for seafood. As the population grows and dietary preferences evolve, there has been a noticeable shift towards healthier protein sources, with seafood gaining prominence. This surge in domestic demand has spurred the expansion of the aquaculture industry, positioning it as a critical player in meeting the needs of a seafood-hungry consumer base.

In response to this growing appetite, aquaculture has emerged as a reliable and sustainable source of seafood production. Unlike traditional fishing methods, aquaculture offers a controlled and consistent supply of fish and other seafood varieties, providing consumers with a year-round availability of fresh and high-quality products. Additionally, consumers are becoming increasingly conscious of the health benefits associated with consuming fish, further fueling the demand for aquaculture products.

The government of Saudi Arabia has recognized this shift in consumer behavior and has actively supported the aquaculture sector through policy initiatives and investments. This includes the promotion of sustainable and technologically advanced aquaculture practices to ensure a steady and secure supply chain. The alignment of aquaculture with health-conscious consumer preferences has not only stimulated the growth of the industry but has also created new economic opportunities, from production and processing to distribution and retail. In essence, the increasing domestic demand for seafood acts as a driving force, propelling the expansion and success of the aquaculture sector in Saudi Arabia.

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Key Market Challenges

Limited Freshwater Resources

The demand for aquaculture in Saudi Arabia faces a significant challenge due to limited freshwater resources in the region. With the majority of the country characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions, the scarcity of freshwater poses a constraint on traditional aquaculture practices that rely heavily on substantial water inputs. This limitation has led to decreased enthusiasm and demand for aquaculture activities, as water availability becomes a critical factor influencing the feasibility and sustainability of fish farming operations.

Aquaculture typically requires a consistent and abundant supply of freshwater for various stages of production, from hatcheries to grow-out facilities. The constraints on freshwater availability impact not only the quantity of aquaculture production but also its overall efficiency and economic viability. In the face of limited freshwater resources, aquaculture operators may encounter challenges in maintaining optimal water quality conditions, leading to potential health issues for farmed fish and increased operational costs.

The Saudi Arabian government, recognizing the importance of sustainable water management, has implemented policies to address water scarcity issues. However, the ongoing challenge of limited freshwater availability continues to impede the growth of the aquaculture sector. As a result, alternative and innovative water-conserving technologies, such as Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS), are gaining traction to overcome these constraints and foster a more sustainable and resilient aquaculture industry in Saudi Arabia. The quest for solutions to freshwater scarcity remains pivotal in shaping the trajectory of aquaculture demand in the country.

High Salinity Levels of the Red Sea

The demand for aquaculture in Saudi Arabia faces a unique challenge attributed to the high salinity levels of the Red Sea. As a prominent feature of the country's coastline, the Red Sea exhibits salinity levels that surpass those of many other marine environments. This elevated salinity poses a substantial impediment to traditional aquaculture practices, as many fish species are sensitive to extreme salinity conditions. Consequently, the aquaculture sector in Saudi Arabia experiences decreased demand, primarily due to the limited selection of species that can thrive in such high salinity environments.

The high salinity levels of the Red Sea necessitate a careful selection of aquaculture species that are adapted to, or can tolerate, these specific conditions. This limitation affects the diversity of commercially viable species, potentially reducing the variety of seafood products available in the market. Furthermore, managing water quality becomes a critical concern, as maintaining optimal conditions for fish health and growth becomes more challenging in high salinity environments.

Despite these challenges, the aquaculture industry in Saudi Arabia is actively exploring and implementing technological solutions to address the impact of high salinity. Research and development initiatives focus on breeding and cultivating species that are well-suited to saline conditions, as well as the adoption of advanced aquaculture technologies such as Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS) to provide controlled and optimal environments for fish growth. As technology evolves, it is anticipated that these advancements will mitigate the impact of high salinity on aquaculture and contribute to the sector's sustainability and growth.

Key Market Trends

Expansion Of Local and International Aquaculture Companies

The surge in demand for aquaculture in Saudi Arabia is intricately linked to the expanding presence of both local and international aquaculture companies within the country. The concerted efforts of these companies to establish and expand their operations in Saudi Arabia have played a pivotal role in driving the growth of the aquaculture sector. Local companies, driven by the government's vision for economic diversification, have invested significantly in aquaculture projects, leveraging their understanding of the local market dynamics and contributing to the sector's expansion.

Simultaneously, the influx of international aquaculture companies has brought in global expertise, advanced technologies, and best practices, further catalyzing the development of the industry. These companies often introduce innovative farming techniques, sustainable practices, and efficient supply chain management, which not only boost productivity but also enhance the overall competitiveness of Saudi Arabian aquaculture on a global scale.

The collaboration between local and international aquaculture entities has resulted in knowledge transfer, skills development, and the establishment of robust industry networks. This synergy has not only accelerated the growth of existing aquaculture projects but has also paved the way for the introduction of new species and diversified product offerings to meet the evolving preferences of consumers.

The expansion of both local and international aquaculture companies in Saudi Arabia has created a dynamic and competitive market, stimulating increased investments, generating employment opportunities, and positioning the country as a significant player in the global aquaculture landscape. As a consequence, the demand for aquaculture products in Saudi Arabia continues to rise, driven by the collective efforts and expertise of these diverse industry players.

Growth in the Use of Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS)

The burgeoning demand for aquaculture in Saudi Arabia is intimately connected to the remarkable growth in the use of Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS). This innovative technology has revolutionized the aquaculture landscape by providing a sustainable and efficient method for fish farming. RAS minimizes water usage by continuously filtering and recirculating water within a closed system, mitigating environmental concerns and addressing freshwater scarcity challenges in the region.

The adoption of RAS in Saudi Arabia has not only optimized resource utilization but has also significantly improved the overall efficiency of aquaculture operations. By maintaining optimal water quality parameters, RAS facilitates the cultivation of fish in land-based facilities, reducing the reliance on traditional open-water farming methods. This shift enhances biosecurity measures, mitigates disease risks, and enables precise control over the aquaculture environment.

The government's support for the implementation of RAS is evident in its policies and incentives aimed at promoting sustainable aquaculture practices. Financial incentives, coupled with regulatory frameworks that encourage the adoption of advanced technologies, have spurred the integration of RAS into aquaculture projects across the country. This technological evolution has attracted investments, both domestic and international, further catalyzing the growth of the aquaculture sector in Saudi Arabia.

The increasing utilization of RAS not only reflects a commitment to sustainable practices but also positions Saudi Arabia as a leader in adopting cutting-edge aquaculture technologies. As a result, the demand for aquaculture products continues to rise, driven by the environmental benefits, improved efficiency, and enhanced productivity associated with the widespread use of Recirculating Aquaculture Systems in the country.

Segmental Insights

Type Insights

Based on the Type, the Fisheries segment currently holds a dominant position. This is due to the country's extensive coastline and strategic location, providing access to abundant fishing grounds. These factors contribute to the sector's lucrative nature within the aquaculture industry. The high demand for fish products, which are considered a staple in the Saudi Arabian diet, further strengthens the dominance of the Fisheries segment. However, it is worth noting that other segments such as Seaweeds, Microalgae, Crustaceans, Molluscs, and Others also exhibit potential for growth. These segments contribute to the overall diversification of the aquaculture market in Saudi Arabia, adding further opportunities and expanding the scope of the industry.

Culture Insights

Based on the Culture, Marine aquaculture occupies a predominant position in Saudi Arabia's thriving aquaculture market due to a combination of strategic geographical advantages, abundant coastal resources, and a focus on sustainable seafood production. Saudi Arabia's extensive coastline along the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf provides an ideal environment for marine aquaculture activities. The availability of vast coastal areas enables the cultivation of a diverse range of fish and seafood species, contributing to the industry's growth.

The government's recognition of the economic potential of marine aquaculture has led to strategic investments and initiatives specifically tailored to support and promote this sector. Policies aimed at streamlining regulatory processes, providing financial incentives, and fostering research and development have created a conducive business environment for marine aquaculture operators. The emphasis on sustainability aligns with global trends and positions Saudi Arabia as a responsible player in the aquaculture industry.

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Regional Insights

The Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, with its captivating beauty and rich cultural heritage, stands as the dominant force in the Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market. Situated along the mesmerizing coastline of the Arabian Gulf, this region offers an unparalleled platform for the flourishing growth and expansion of the aquaculture industry. Its vast expanse of natural resources, combined with favorable climatic conditions such as optimal water temperature and salinity levels, creates an idyllic environment for aquatic life to thrive.

The Eastern Province's strategic location acts as a gateway to the global market, facilitating seamless trade and attracting both local and international investors. With a well-established infrastructure that supports the industry's evolving needs, the region continues to set new benchmarks for innovation, sustainability, and economic growth.

Key Market Players

  • National Aquaculture Group (NAQUA)
  • Saudi Fisheries Company
  • Arabian Shrimp Company
  • Saudi fisheries company (Asmak)
  • Jazadco Fisheries
  • Tabuk Fisheries Company
  • Arab Fisheries Co.
  • Izalco LLC
  • Sami Hamad Est.
  • Saudi Fisheries Company

By Type


By Culture

By Distribution Channel

By Region

  • Fisheries
  • Seaweeds
  • Microalgae
  • Crustaceans
  • Mollusks
  • Others
  • Freshwater
  • Brackish Water
  • Marine
  • Specialty Stores
  • Supermarkets/Hypermarkets
  • Online
  • Western Region
  • Central Region
  • Southern Region
  • Eastern Region
  • Northern Region


Report Scope:

In this report, the Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market has been segmented into the following categories, in addition to the industry trends which have also been detailed below:

  • Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market, By Type:

o   Fisheries

o   Seaweeds

o   Microalgae

o   Crustaceans

o   Mollusks

o   Others

  • Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market, By Culture:

o   Freshwater

o   Brackish Water

o   Marine

  • Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market, By Distribution Channel:

o   Specialty Stores

o   Supermarkets/Hypermarkets

o   Online

  • Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market, By Region:

o   Western Region

o   Central Region

o   Southern Region

o   Eastern Region

o   Northern Region

Competitive Landscape

Company Profiles: Detailed analysis of the major companies present in the Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market.

Available Customizations:

Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market report with the given market data, Tech Sci Research offers customizations according to a company's specific needs. The following customization options are available for the report:

Company Information

  • Detailed analysis and profiling of additional market players (up to five).

Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market is an upcoming report to be released soon. If you wish an early delivery of this report or want to confirm the date of release, please contact us at [email protected]

Table of content

1.    Product Overview

1.1.  Market Definition

1.2.  Scope of the Market

1.2.1.          Markets Covered

1.2.2.          Years Considered for Study

1.2.3.          Key Market Segmentations

2.    Research Methodology

2.1.  Objective of the Study

2.2.  Baseline Methodology

2.3.  Key Industry Partners

2.4.  Major Association and Secondary Sources

2.5.  Forecasting Methodology

2.6.  Data Triangulation & Validation

2.7.  Assumptions and Limitations

3.    Executive Summary

3.1.  Overview of the Market

3.2.  Overview of Key Market Segmentations

3.3.  Overview of Key Market Players

3.4.  Overview of Key Regions/Countries

3.5.  Overview of Market Drivers, Challenges, Trends

4.    Voice of Customer

5.    Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market Outlook

5.1.  Market Size & Forecast

5.1.1.          By Value

5.2.  Market Share & Forecast

5.2.1.    By Type (Fisheries, Seaweeds, Microalgae, Crustaceans, Mollusks, Others)

5.2.2.    By Culture (Freshwater, Brackish Water, Marine)

5.2.3.    By Distribution Channel (Specialty Stores, Supermarkets/Hypermarkets, Online)

5.2.4.    By Region

5.2.5.    By Company (2023)

5.3.  Market Map

6.    Western Aquaculture Market Outlook

6.1.  Market Size & Forecast       

6.1.1.          By Value

6.2.  Market Share & Forecast

6.2.1.          By Type

6.2.2.          By Culture

6.2.3.          By Distribution Channel

7.    Central Aquaculture Market Outlook

7.1.  Market Size & Forecast       

7.1.1.          By Value

7.2.  Market Share & Forecast

7.2.1.          By Type

7.2.2.          By Culture

7.2.3.          By Distribution Channel

8.    Southern Aquaculture Market Outlook

8.1.  Market Size & Forecast       

8.1.1.          By Value

8.2.  Market Share & Forecast

8.2.1.          By Type

8.2.2.          By Culture

8.2.3.          By Distribution Channel

9.    Eastern Aquaculture Market Outlook

9.1.  Market Size & Forecast       

9.1.1.          By Value

9.2.  Market Share & Forecast

9.2.1.          By Type

9.2.2.          By Culture

9.2.3.          By Distribution Channel

10. Northern Aquaculture Market Outlook

10.1.             Market Size & Forecast        

10.1.1.        By Value

10.2.             Market Share & Forecast

10.2.1.        By Type

10.2.2.        By Culture

10.2.3.        By Distribution Channel

11. Market Dynamics

11.1.             Drivers

11.2.             Challenges

12. Market Trends & Developments

12.1.             Recent Development

12.2.             Mergers & Acquisitions

12.3.             Product Launches

13. Policy & Regulatory Landscape

14. Saudi Arabia Economic Profile

15. Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market: SWOT Analysis

16. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

16.1.             Competition in the Industry

16.2.             Potential of New Entrants

16.3.             Power of Suppliers

16.4.             Power of Customers

16.5.             Threat of Substitute Products

17. Competitive Landscape

17.1.   National Aquaculture Group (NAQUA)

17.1.1.        Business Overview

17.1.2.        Product Offerings

17.1.3.        Recent Developments

17.1.4.        Financials (As Reported)

17.1.5.        Key Personnel

17.2.   Saudi Fisheries Company

17.3.   Arabian Shrimp Company

17.4.   Saudi fisheries company (Asmak)

17.5.   Jazadco Fisheries

17.6.   Tabuk Fisheries Company

17.7.   Arab Fisheries Co.

17.8.   Izalco LLC

17.9.   Sami Hamad Est.

17.10.Saudi Fisheries Company

18.  Strategic Recommendations

19.  About Us & Disclaimer

Figures and Tables

Frequently asked questions


The market size of the Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market was estimated to be USD 210.34 Million in 2023.


The Fisheries segment currently dominates the aquaculture market in Saudi Arabia, thanks to the country's extensive coastline and strategic location. With a high demand for fish products, this sector is lucrative and considered a staple in the Saudi Arabian diet.


The Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, with its stunning beauty and rich cultural heritage, plays a crucial role in the dominance of the Saudi Arabia Aquaculture Market. Its extensive coastline and favorable conditions for aquaculture, along with strategic location and government support, contribute to market growth.


Government initiatives & incentives to promote aquaculture and technological advances in fish farming methods will propel Saudi Arabia Aquaculture market growth during the forecast period.


Sakshi Bajaal

Business Consultant
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