kW - 100kW Capacity
Solar Rooftop Market has valued at USD 5.36 billion in 2023 and is anticipated
to project robust growth in the forecast period with a CAGR of 15.29% through 2029.
Various state governments have introduced schemes for rooftop solar subsidies,
which provide financial support to consumers looking to install solar rooftops.
These subsidies are instrumental in making solar power more accessible to a
Key Market Drivers
Government Policy and
rapid growth of the solar rooftop market in India can be attributed to a
variety of drivers, with government policies and incentives playing a pivotal
role. The Indian government has introduced several schemes and initiatives
aimed at promoting solar energy adoption, particularly at the rooftop level.
These policies provide a strong foundation for the expansion of the solar
of the key drivers is the 'Rooftop Solar Subsidy' program, which offers
financial incentives to residential, commercial, and industrial consumers to
install solar panels on their rooftops. The government subsidizes a portion of
the installation costs, making it more affordable for consumers to go solar.
Additionally, several states in India have introduced net metering policies,
allowing consumers to sell excess solar energy back to the grid. This
incentivizes consumers to install larger solar systems, as they can benefit
from the surplus energy generated.
the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set ambitious targets for
solar rooftop installations as part of the National Solar Mission. These
targets drive both state governments and private enterprises to invest in solar
energy projects. MNRE's guidelines and regulations provide a standardized
framework for project implementation, ensuring quality and safety.
government also offers tax incentives and accelerated depreciation benefits to
businesses and industries installing solar rooftop systems. This not only
reduces the upfront costs but also creates a favorable environment for
businesses to invest in clean energy. Additionally, various state governments
exempt solar equipment from value-added tax (VAT) and other levies, further
reducing the cost of installation.
government policies and incentives create a conducive environment for the solar
rooftop market in India. They reduce the financial burden on consumers and
businesses, promote sustainable energy generation, and drive the growth of the
solar industry, making India one of the most attractive markets for solar
rooftop installations globally.
Declining Solar Panel Costs
significant driver for the solar rooftop market in India is the declining cost
of solar panels. Over the past decade, the price of solar panels has witnessed
a substantial decrease, making solar energy more economically viable for
consumers and businesses.
primary reason behind the falling costs is the global production scale and
technological advancements in solar panel manufacturing. India has benefited
from the economies of scale in the production of photovoltaic panels, with a
growing number of manufacturers both domestically and internationally. As the
manufacturing industry has matured, competition has intensified, leading to
improvements in solar panel efficiency have boosted the electricity generation
capacity of each panel. This means that consumers can generate more energy with
fewer panels, resulting in a higher return on investment.
addition to production cost reductions, the Indian government has encouraged
domestic manufacturing through schemes like the 'Production Linked Incentive
(PLI)' program. This incentivizes manufacturers to set up solar equipment
production facilities in India, contributing to cost competitiveness.
falling costs of solar panels have had a cascading effect on the entire solar
rooftop market. They have made solar energy more accessible to a wider range of
consumers, including those with limited budgets. This cost decline has been
particularly significant for residential and small-scale commercial users, who
can now enjoy shorter payback periods and lower electricity bills.
the declining cost of solar panels has been a major driver for the solar
rooftop market in India, making it a cost-effective and sustainable energy
solution for a diverse range of consumers and contributing to the nation's
Environmental Concerns and
Corporate Sustainability Goals
concerns and corporate sustainability goals are becoming increasingly important
drivers of the solar rooftop market in India. As the world faces the challenges
of climate change and environmental degradation, individuals and businesses are
seeking cleaner and more sustainable energy alternatives.
are becoming more aware of the environmental impact of traditional fossil
fuel-based electricity generation. They are choosing solar rooftop systems as a
means to reduce their carbon footprint and contribute to a cleaner environment.
India's air quality and pollution problems have further heightened the
awareness of the environmental benefits of solar energy.
sustainability goals are also driving the adoption of solar rooftop systems.
Many businesses in India are committing to reducing their carbon emissions and
adopting cleaner energy sources. Solar rooftops not only help companies meet
their sustainability targets but also demonstrate their commitment to
responsible and ethical business practices, which can enhance their brand image
and customer loyalty.
businesses are investing in solar rooftop installations as a part of their
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives. This not only benefits the
environment but also supports local communities by creating jobs and
contributing to the development of renewable energy infrastructure.
as environmental regulations become stricter, businesses are recognizing that a
transition to clean energy can help them comply with future regulations and
reduce potential compliance costs. Solar energy offers a reliable and
predictable source of electricity, reducing the dependency on fossil fuels and
mitigating the risks associated with volatile fuel prices and supply
conclusion, environmental concerns and corporate sustainability goals are
powerful drivers for the solar rooftop market in India. As individuals and
businesses increasingly prioritize sustainability and environmental
responsibility, solar energy offers a compelling solution that aligns with both
economic and ecological interests, contributing to the continued growth of the
solar rooftop market in the country.
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Key Market Challenges
Financing and High Initial
of the significant challenges facing the solar rooftop market in India is the
issue of financing and the high initial costs associated with solar
installations. While solar power systems can deliver long-term cost savings,
the upfront investment required can be a significant barrier for many potential
initial costs for solar rooftop installations include solar panels, inverters,
mounting structures, wiring, and installation labor. In addition to these
hardware and labor costs, there are other expenses such as obtaining necessary
permits, inspection fees, and any required grid connection upgrades. For
residential consumers, these costs can be particularly burdensome, and for
businesses, the initial investment can be substantial.
various government incentives and subsidies exist to alleviate these costs,
they may not always be sufficient to make solar energy financially feasible for
all consumers. Financial institutions and banks need to play a more significant
role in providing affordable and accessible loans and financing options for
consumers and businesses interested in adopting solar rooftop systems.
Additionally, simplifying the process of obtaining subsidies and incentives
could make the transition to solar energy more attractive.
approach to mitigating this challenge is to promote innovative financing models
like power purchase agreements (PPAs) and leasing arrangements, which allow
consumers to pay for the solar system over time, typically without the need for
a substantial upfront payment. Encouraging these models and making them more
widely available could address the issue of high initial costs and accelerate
the adoption of solar rooftop systems.
Grid Integration and Technical
integration and technical challenges pose another significant obstacle to the
growth of the solar rooftop market in India. Solar power generation is
intermittent and depends on weather conditions and sunlight availability. As a
result, ensuring a seamless integration of solar power into the existing
electrical grid is a complex task.
of the key technical challenges is grid stability and reliability. Solar power
fluctuations can impact the grid's stability, leading to voltage issues and
power quality problems. Without proper infrastructure and technology in place,
grid integration can become problematic. The existing electrical grid in many
parts of India was not designed to accommodate distributed energy sources like
address these challenges, significant investments in grid infrastructure and
technology are necessary. This includes the implementation of smart grid
solutions, advanced grid management systems, and energy storage technologies.
Battery storage systems can help store excess solar energy for use during
periods of low sunlight, thereby stabilizing the grid.
challenge is ensuring that solar installations comply with technical and safety
standards. Poorly designed or installed solar systems can result in electrical
hazards or inefficiencies. Therefore, there is a need for training and
certification programs for solar installers and quality control mechanisms to
ensure that solar rooftop systems meet high technical standards.
successful integration of solar energy into the grid and the resolution of
technical challenges are critical for the long-term sustainability and
reliability of the solar rooftop market in India.
Regulatory and Administrative
significant challenge in the Indian solar rooftop market is the presence of
regulatory and administrative hurdles that can hinder the adoption of solar
power systems. The complexity of administrative processes, permitting, and
regulatory compliance can deter individuals and businesses from investing in
major issue is the lack of uniformity in regulations and policies across Indian
states and regions. Different states have their own rules and regulations
related to solar energy, creating confusion and slowing down the adoption
process. A more standardized approach is needed to simplify compliance and
reduce the administrative burden on consumers and businesses.
the process of obtaining permits and approvals for solar installations can be
time-consuming and cumbersome. Streamlining these processes and reducing
bureaucratic red tape could encourage more people to invest in solar rooftops.
This would not only benefit consumers but also help India achieve its ambitious
renewable energy targets.
regulatory challenge is related to net metering policies, which allow consumers
to sell excess solar power back to the grid. Disputes and changes in net
metering regulations can impact the return on investment for solar system
owners. Clear and consistent net metering policies are essential to provide
financial incentives for adopting solar energy.
navigating the various subsidies and incentives offered by different state and
central government agencies can be challenging for consumers and businesses.
Ensuring that these incentives are easy to access and understand can simplify
the adoption process.
conclusion, addressing the regulatory and administrative hurdles in the Indian solar
rooftop market is vital to making solar energy more accessible and attractive.
Streamlining regulations, simplifying administrative processes, and providing
clarity on incentives can help overcome these challenges and promote the growth
of solar rooftop installations in India.
Key Market Trends
Technological Advancements and
of the most significant and exciting trends in the Indian solar rooftop market
is the rapid pace of technological advancements and innovations. These
innovations are driving efficiency improvements, reducing costs, and expanding
the capabilities of solar rooftop systems. Several key trends within this
category are shaping the future of the market.
the trend toward increased solar panel efficiency is notable. Solar panel
manufacturers are continually developing and refining their products to capture
more sunlight and convert it into electricity. High-efficiency solar panels can
generate more power from a smaller rooftop area, making them attractive for
residential and commercial installations. These advancements are crucial for
urban areas with limited rooftop space, where maximizing energy generation per
square foot is essential.
the integration of energy storage solutions with solar rooftop systems is
gaining traction. Battery storage technology, including lithium-ion batteries,
is becoming more affordable and efficient. This trend is particularly
significant in India, where grid reliability can be a challenge in some
regions. Energy storage allows solar system owners to store excess electricity
during sunny periods and use it when the sun is not shining, ensuring a
consistent power supply. It is also vital for harnessing the benefits of
off-grid solar systems in rural and remote areas.
the emergence of smart and connected solar systems is transforming the way
solar energy is managed. Internet of Things (IoT) technology and cloud-based
monitoring systems allow users to remotely monitor, control, and optimize their
solar rooftop systems. These smart systems can track energy production,
diagnose performance issues, and even predict maintenance needs. This trend
enhances user convenience and maximizes the return on investment by ensuring
that the system operates at peak efficiency.
building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) is another exciting trend. BIPV
involves incorporating solar panels directly into building materials, such as
roofing, windows, or facades. This approach not only generates electricity but
also enhances the aesthetic appeal of structures. BIPV systems are becoming
increasingly popular in India, as they seamlessly blend with architectural
designs and promote energy efficiency in new construction projects.
technological advancements and innovations are reshaping the Indian solar
rooftop market by making solar energy more efficient, accessible, and
integrated with other cutting-edge technologies.
Growth in the Commercial and
prominent trend in the Indian solar rooftop market is the increasing adoption
of solar power systems in the commercial and industrial sectors. While
residential installations have been a common starting point for solar energy in
India, the potential for significant growth in the commercial and industrial
segments is now being realized.
and industrial establishments are recognizing the cost-saving potential of
solar rooftop systems. These sectors typically have larger rooftops, making
them ideal candidates for solar installations. The trend is driven by several
businesses in India are under pressure to reduce operating costs, including
electricity expenses. Solar energy offers a compelling solution to lower
electricity bills while also demonstrating a commitment to sustainability. As a
result, more businesses are investing in solar rooftop systems to harness these
government incentives and policies, such as accelerated depreciation benefits
and tax incentives, are enticing for commercial and industrial players. These
incentives reduce the payback period and enhance the return on investment,
making solar installations more appealing.
corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives play a significant role in
driving solar adoption. Many large corporations have made commitments to reduce
their carbon footprint and promote sustainability. Investing in solar rooftops
is a tangible way for these businesses to meet their CSR goals and showcase
their commitment to environmental responsibility.
the 'Group Captive' model, which allows multiple industrial and commercial
consumers to collectively invest in a solar power plant and share the
electricity generated, is gaining popularity. This model enables businesses to
benefit from economies of scale, further reducing costs.
the introduction of 'Open Access' policies in some Indian states allows
businesses to purchase solar power directly from off-site solar projects. This
flexibility empowers businesses to access renewable energy even if they lack
suitable rooftops for installations.
conclusion, the trend of increasing adoption of solar rooftop systems in the
commercial and industrial sectors in India is a promising development. As more
businesses realize the financial and environmental benefits of solar energy,
this trend is expected to continue, contributing to the growth of the Indian
solar rooftop market.
On-Grid segment emerged as the dominating segment
in 2023. The on-grid segment refers to solar rooftop systems that are connected
to the electrical grid and can feed excess energy back into the grid. The
on-grid segment of the India Solar Rooftop Market has witnessed robust growth
in recent years. This growth is fueled by the increasing demand for
grid-connected solar systems, both in residential and commercial sectors. Key
drivers for this growth include government incentives, falling solar panel
costs, and rising awareness about the environmental benefits of solar energy.
policies and incentives play a significant role in shaping the on-grid solar
rooftop market. Schemes like net metering and feed-in tariffs allow consumers
to sell excess energy to the grid, providing a financial incentive for solar
adoption. Various state governments in India have also introduced subsidies and
tax benefits to encourage on-grid solar installations.
the seamless integration of on-grid solar systems with the existing electrical
grid is a crucial aspect. While feeding excess energy into the grid is an
attractive feature, it necessitates proper grid infrastructure and technology
to manage the intermittent nature of solar power. Grid stability and
reliability must be maintained to prevent issues like voltage fluctuations and
power quality problems. This integration requires investments in smart grid
technology and grid management systems.
declining cost of solar panels has made on-grid solar installations more
financially viable. However, the initial investment can still be a barrier for
many consumers. While government incentives and subsidies can offset some
costs, payback periods vary depending on factors such as the location, system
size, and electricity consumption. For businesses, a shorter payback period is
often a priority, whereas residential consumers may focus on long-term savings.
Commercial segment is projected to experience rapid
growth during the forecast period. This growth is attributed to several
factors, including government incentives, increasing environmental awareness,
and the desire of commercial enterprises to reduce operating costs through
sustainable energy solutions.
policies and incentives play a vital role in shaping the commercial solar rooftop
market in India. Various state and central government schemes promote the
installation of solar systems in the commercial sector. These incentives
include accelerated depreciation benefits, net metering, subsidies, and tax
exemptions. Additionally, the government's emphasis on renewable energy targets
is driving businesses to adopt solar solutions as part of their corporate
social responsibility (CSR) initiatives.
savings are a significant driver for the commercial segment. Businesses seek to
reduce electricity expenses, and solar installations offer the potential for
substantial long-term savings. The return on investment (ROI) for commercial
solar systems can be attractive, especially with decreasing solar panel costs
and government incentives, which significantly reduce the payback period.
Moreover, the power purchase agreements (PPAs) and leasing options make it
easier for commercial entities to adopt solar without a substantial upfront
properties often have larger rooftop spaces compared to residential properties,
making them ideal candidates for solar installations. These larger spaces allow
for the installation of larger solar arrays, which can generate more
electricity, offset a higher percentage of energy consumption, and lead to
greater cost savings.
environmental regulations become stricter, businesses find value in adopting
clean energy sources to meet compliance requirements. Solar power is seen as a
sustainable and responsible way to reduce carbon emissions and environmental
conclusion, the commercial segment of the India Solar Rooftop Market is
experiencing significant growth, driven by cost savings, government incentives,
environmental awareness, and a desire for sustainability. The availability of
larger rooftop spaces on commercial properties makes these installations
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India emerged as the dominating region in the India Solar Rooftop market in 2023,
holding the largest market share. South India, comprising the states of Andhra
Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, presents a unique
landscape for the India Solar Rooftop Market. The region has distinct
characteristics and opportunities that influence the adoption and growth of
solar rooftop installations. South India benefits from high solar irradiation
levels due to its proximity to the equator. This makes the region an ideal
location for solar energy generation. The abundance of sunlight throughout the
year enhances the efficiency of solar rooftop systems, leading to greater
energy production and shorter payback periods for consumers.
Indian states have shown commitment to renewable energy and have introduced
various policies and incentives to promote solar rooftop installations. These
policies include net metering, subsidies, tax exemptions, and feed-in tariffs.
For instance, states like Tamil Nadu and Karnataka have introduced progressive
net metering regulations, which encourage the adoption of grid-connected solar
India has rapidly growing urban centers, including Bangalore, Chennai, and
Hyderabad, which are hubs of commercial and industrial activity. The presence
of commercial and industrial entities with larger rooftop spaces creates
significant opportunities for solar rooftop installations. Businesses in these
regions are increasingly adopting solar power to reduce electricity expenses
and demonstrate environmental responsibility.
India is not only home to thriving urban areas but also has a significant
residential market for solar rooftops. The high population density in urban
centers and the growing awareness of environmental sustainability have led to
an increasing number of homeowners considering solar installations to reduce
their carbon footprint and energy bills.
conclusion, South India presents a dynamic landscape for the India Solar
Rooftop Market. It benefits from favorable solar conditions, supportive
policies, a growing urban population, and a commitment to sustainability. These
factors position the region as a key contributor to the overall growth and
success of the solar rooftop market in India.
2021, Tata Power Solar acquired the rooftop solar portfolio of ReNew Power.
Key Market Players
Energy Corporation Pte Ltd.
Partner Energy Pvt. Ltd.
Solar Power Pvt. Ltd.
Max Enviro Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Energy Pvt. Ltd.
Energy Pvt. Ltd.
Power Solar Systems Limited
Susten Pvt. Ltd.
New Energy Technology Co. Ltd.
Energy Pvt. Ltd.
- 1kW - 10 kW
- 11 kW - 100kW
- Above 100 kW
- North India
- South India
- West India
- East India
In this report, the India Solar
Rooftop Market has
been segmented into the following categories, in addition to the industry
trends which have also been detailed below:
- India Solar Rooftop Market, By
o 1kW - 10 kW
o 11 kW - 100kW
o Above 100 kW
- India Solar Rooftop Market, By Connectivity:
- India Solar Rooftop Market, By End-User:
- India Solar Rooftop Market,
o North India
o South India
o West India
o East India
Company Profiles: Detailed analysis of the major companies present in the India Solar
India Solar Rooftop Market report with the
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company's specific needs. The following customization options are available for
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market players (up to five).
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