Concentrated Photovoltaic Market was valued at USD 122.47 million in 2023 and
is anticipated to project robust growth in the forecast period with a CAGR of 13.59%
through 2029. India's burgeoning population and thriving economy have led to a
surging need for electricity. The efficiency of CPV technology in producing
power during peak sunlight hours perfectly aligns with India's energy demand
patterns. CPV systems play a vital role in ensuring grid stability by
delivering reliable energy output during periods of high demand, making them
invaluable assets for the country's power grid.
Key Market Drivers
Initiatives & Support
Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) market is poised for significant growth,
predominantly driven by proactive initiatives and support from the Indian
government. The government has acknowledged the significance of solar energy in
achieving renewable energy targets and addressing environmental concerns.
Consequently, it has introduced multiple policies and incentives that are
stimulating the CPV sector.
key catalyst is the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), which aims
to achieve 100 GW of solar power capacity by 2022. This mission includes
specific provisions to promote CPV technology, such as research and development
funding, tax incentives, and subsidies for CPV projects. These incentives lower
the initial investment and enhance the financial viability of CPV projects for
businesses and investors.
the Indian government actively promotes the "Make in India"
initiative, encouraging domestic manufacturing of CPV components. This approach
not only generates employment opportunities but also reduces reliance on
imported CPV components, contributing to the country's energy security. The
government's commitment to the "Atmanirbhar Bharat" (Self-Reliant
India) campaign aligns with the growth of the CPV market, making it a strategic
driver for the industry.
addition to financial incentives, the government has streamlined regulatory
processes for CPV projects, facilitating companies in obtaining permits and licenses.
This efficient approach reduces bureaucratic red tape and expedites project
development, fostering a favorable environment for CPV adoption.
Energy Demand and Grid Parity
escalating energy demand serves as a significant catalyst for the CPV market.
With the nation's population and economy continuously expanding, the imperative
for dependable and sustainable energy sources grows more pronounced. CPV
technology presents an appealing solution by efficiently harnessing solar
energy, even in regions with significant solar irradiance variability.
noteworthy advantage of CPV systems lies in their ability to generate
electricity at a lower cost per unit compared to traditional solar photovoltaic
(PV) systems. This cost benefit, combined with advancements in CPV technology,
propels the industry closer to achieving grid parity, where CPV-generated
electricity's cost matches or falls below that of conventional sources. Grid
parity stands as a pivotal milestone, driving the wider adoption of CPV systems
among residential, commercial, and industrial consumers.
CPV's exceptional energy efficiency and capacity to concentrate sunlight onto
small, high-efficiency solar cells enable greater electricity generation per
unit of land area. This efficiency advantage holds particular appeal in India,
where available land for solar installations may be limited, necessitating
optimal land use. Consequently, the escalating energy demand and the need for
efficient land utilization make CPV an alluring choice for sustainably meeting
India's power requirements.
Advancements and Innovation
advancements and innovation within the CPV industry play a pivotal role in
driving its growth in India. Over the years, CPV technology has witnessed
significant improvements, resulting in enhanced efficiency, cost reduction, and
improved reliability. These advancements are making CPV a more competitive
option in the Indian energy sector.
and companies are continuously working on enhancing the optical efficiency of
CPV systems, developing better tracking mechanisms, and improving component
durability. Consequently, CPV systems are becoming more efficient and reliable,
leading to reduced maintenance costs and increased lifespan. These advancements
are vital for ensuring the long-term viability of CPV projects in India,
particularly in the face of challenging environmental conditions.
research collaborations between Indian institutions, universities, and global
CPV technology leaders are driving innovation forward. These partnerships
facilitate the exchange of knowledge, resulting in breakthroughs in materials,
optics, and solar cell technologies. As CPV technology continues to evolve, it
will become more accessible and affordable for a wider range of applications in
conclusion, the Indian Concentrated Photovoltaic market is propelled by a
combination of government support and policies, increasing energy demand, and
ongoing technological advancements. These drivers are positioning CPV
technology to play a more prominent role in India's sustainable energy
landscape, contributing to the nation's renewable energy goals and
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Key Market Challenges
Initial Capital Costs and Investment Barriers
of the key challenges confronting the Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV) market in
India is the significant initial capital costs associated with CPV
installations. Although CPV technology offers advantages in terms of energy
efficiency and power generation, the upfront investment required to establish
CPV systems can be considerably higher compared to conventional solar
photovoltaic (PV) systems. This substantial initial cost acts as a barrier for
numerous potential investors and project developers.
cost-intensive nature of CPV projects arises from several factors. Firstly, CPV
systems necessitate precision optics and tracking mechanisms to concentrate
sunlight on small, high-efficiency solar cells. These components are frequently
imported, resulting in increased costs due to currency fluctuations and import
duties. Secondly, the requirement for skilled labor and specialized maintenance
contributes to the overall operational expenses of CPV systems.
CPV market in India encounters the challenge of enhancing the financial
accessibility of CPV technology. Addressing this challenge necessitates
innovative financing mechanisms, subsidies, and incentives from the government
to alleviate the upfront investment burden. Additionally, promoting domestic
manufacturing of CPV components can help reduce costs and foster a more
sustainable CPV ecosystem.
Utilization and Space Constraints
of the major challenges faced by the CPV market in India is the efficient
utilization of land and space. Despite its vast land area, India encounters
land constraints in densely populated regions. CPV systems require sufficient
open land for installation, which can be difficult to find for large-scale
projects in areas where land is scarce or expensive.
CPV's advantage of concentrating sunlight onto small solar cells necessitates
precise tracking systems, which can be space-intensive. This limitation on
space utilization can restrict the scalability of CPV projects, especially in
urban or congested areas. Additionally, India's diverse geography and
topography present challenges in optimizing the orientation and location of CPV
installations for maximum solar exposure.
tackle this challenge, innovative land-use planning and designs are necessary,
such as integrating CPV systems with existing infrastructure or exploring
alternative locations like deserts and wastelands. Moreover, research on more
compact CPV systems and advanced tracking mechanisms that require less land can
help overcome space constraints and enhance the adaptability of CPV technology
to India's specific geography.
and Sustainability Concerns
CPV technology offers numerous environmental benefits in terms of clean energy
generation, it also presents certain environmental and sustainability
challenges. One of the primary concerns is the utilization of rare and precious
materials in CPV components, including high-efficiency multi-junction solar
cells. The extraction and processing of these materials can have adverse
environmental impacts, contributing to resource depletion and pollution.
the environmental footprint of CPV manufacturing processes and the disposal of
CPV components at the end of their life cycle must be carefully managed to
minimize negative effects on the environment. Comprehensive waste management
and recycling programs should address the recycling and responsible disposal of
the concentrated sunlight in CPV systems can generate heat, necessitating
cooling mechanisms to prevent damage to the solar cells. However, the
energy-intensive cooling systems used in CPV installations can offset some of
the energy efficiency gains, highlighting the need to develop more sustainable
address these environmental and sustainability challenges, the Indian CPV
market should prioritize research and development efforts aimed at reducing the
environmental footprint of CPV technology. This entails the development of
eco-friendly materials, efficient recycling processes, and sustainable cooling
solutions to ensure that CPV systems align with India's environmental and
sustainability objectives. Effective collaboration between government bodies,
industry stakeholders, and environmental organizations is essential to
effectively tackle these concerns.
Key Market Trends
Advancements Driving Efficiency
of the notable trends observed in the Indian Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV)
market is the persistent drive towards technological advancements aimed at
enhancing system efficiency. Over the years, CPV technology has undergone
significant evolution, rendering it more competitive in the renewable energy
landscape. A key focus of this trend lies in the enhancement of CPV modules,
optical systems, and tracking mechanisms.
outstanding advancement in this field is the development of higher-efficiency
multi-junction solar cells. These specialized cells have the ability to achieve
significantly higher conversion efficiencies as compared to traditional solar
cells, leveraging a wider spectrum of sunlight and thereby improving energy
generation. Continuous efforts by researchers and manufacturers are dedicated
to optimizing these cells to maximize the performance of CPV systems.
innovations in CPV optics, such as Fresnel lenses and reflectors, are enhancing
sunlight concentration, consequently increasing the overall energy output.
Advanced tracking systems are also witnessing improvements in precision,
enabling CPV systems to accurately track the sun's path. These technological
enhancements play a vital role in improving the competitiveness of CPV in the
Indian market, where high efficiency is crucial to offset the initial capital
Solar Systems for Grid Stability
the Indian energy landscape continues to evolve, an emerging trend in the CPV
market is the integration of CPV technology into hybrid solar systems. These
hybrid systems combine CPV with other renewable energy sources such as
photovoltaic (PV) solar panels, wind turbines, and energy storage solutions,
aiming to enhance grid stability and reliability.
power grid faces challenges, including intermittent power generation from
renewables and peak demand periods. CPV's unique ability to concentrate
sunlight and efficiently generate power during peak daylight hours complements
the generation patterns of PV panels, which exhibit more consistent performance
throughout the day. By integrating CPV into hybrid systems, India can achieve a
more balanced and reliable power supply.
hybrid systems can incorporate energy storage solutions like batteries,
enabling the storage of excess energy generated during the day for use during
periods of high demand or low sunlight. This trend aligns with India's goals of
achieving energy security and grid stability, making CPV an integral part of
the evolving energy landscape.
embracing the integration of CPV technology into hybrid solar systems, India
can further its ambitions of attaining energy security and establishing a
robust and stable power grid.
Refractors segment emerged as the dominant player
in 2023. Refractors play a crucial role in Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV)
systems, effectively directing and concentrating sunlight onto high-efficiency
solar cells. Through the use of lenses or mirrors, they optimize energy output
by achieving maximum concentration. The efficiency and performance of CPV
systems heavily rely on refractors, making advancements in refractor technology
vital for enhancing efficiency and cost-effectiveness.
continuous pursuit of efficiency improvements drives the refractors segment.
Advanced refractors have the potential to achieve higher levels of sunlight
concentration, resulting in increased electricity generation and improved
overall CPV system performance. To ensure widespread adoption of CPV
technology, it is essential to focus on manufacturing cost-effective refractors
using appropriate materials. By reducing the cost of refractors, CPV systems
can become more competitive in the Indian energy market.
Utilities segment is projected to experience rapid
growth during the forecast period. The utilities segment focuses on large-scale
CPV installations integrated into national and regional power grids. These
projects are typically developed by utilities, independent power producers
(IPPs), or government agencies, and they serve as a significant source of clean
energy for the grid.
the India CPV market, the utilities segment is relatively smaller compared to
traditional solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. However, it holds the
potential for substantial growth as CPV technology becomes more efficient and
of the primary drivers for utilities adopting CPV technology is its high energy
efficiency. CPV systems can achieve greater energy yields per unit of installed
capacity compared to conventional PV systems, making them attractive for
utility-scale projects. Moreover, the utilities segment benefits from CPV's
ability to provide reliable and consistent energy output during peak demand
periods, enhancing grid stability, and reducing the need for additional energy
utilities segment of the India CPV market is expected to grow as the technology
becomes more efficient and cost-effective. Technological advancements in CPV
components, such as high-efficiency solar cells and advanced tracking systems,
will further enhance the appeal of CPV for utility-scale projects.
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India emerged as the dominant player in the India Concentrated Photovoltaic
market in 2023, holding the largest market share. South India, comprising
states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana, is
characterized by its abundant sunlight and a growing demand for clean energy.
South India enjoys high solar irradiance levels, making it an ideal region for
solar power generation. The availability of ample sunlight throughout the year
enhances the efficiency and viability of Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV)
technology. States like Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have consistently ranked
among the top states in India for solar power capacity additions, indicating a
strong commitment to the adoption of renewable energy.
states in South India have implemented policies and incentives to promote solar
energy, including CPV technology. These policies include subsidies, tax
incentives, and net metering arrangements, reducing the financial barriers to
the adoption of CPV. Karnataka, for instance, has launched the "Solar
Policy 2021-26," with an aim to achieve 12 GW of solar power capacity by
2026. Such initiatives encourage CPV project development in the region.
India is home to numerous research institutions, universities, and technology
hubs focusing on renewable energy research and innovation. These institutions
collaborate with industry players to advance CPV technology. Research
initiatives in the region aim to improve the efficiency of CPV systems, reduce
costs, and adapt the technology to local conditions.
CPV market in South India is expected to continue growing as technological
advancements reduce costs and increase efficiency. Innovation in CPV
components, such as solar cells and tracking mechanisms, will play a pivotal
role. Integration with energy storage solutions and hybrid systems is likely to
gain traction, enhancing grid stability and making CPV an attractive option for
both utility-scale and distributed applications. Collaboration between
government bodies, research institutions, and industry players will be crucial
in driving the adoption of CPV technology and addressing challenges.
summary, South India's CPV market exhibits significant potential due to its
favorable climate, government initiatives, and growing energy demand.
2022, Soitec partnered with the Indian renewable energy company Azure Power to
develop a 100 MW CPV project in Rajasthan.
Key Market Players
- Clique Solar
- High Concentration Photovoltaic
- Low Concentration Photovoltaic
- North India
- South India
- West India
- East India
this report, the India Concentrated Photovoltaic Market has been segmented into the following
categories, in addition to the industry trends which have also been detailed
- India Concentrated Photovoltaic Market,
- India Concentrated Photovoltaic
Market, By Product:
o High Concentration Photovoltaic
o Low Concentration Photovoltaic
- India Concentrated Photovoltaic
- India Concentrated Photovoltaic Market,
o North India
o South India
o West India
o East India
analysis of the major companies present in the India Concentrated Photovoltaic
Concentrated Photovoltaic Market report with the given market data, Tech
Sci Research offers customizations according to a company's specific needs. The
following customization options are available for the report:
- Detailed analysis and profiling of
additional market players (up to five).
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