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Manufacturing Electric Two Wheeler

Automotive | Sep, 2018

Introduction:  The electric two-wheeler set-up appears a lot more promising, in the form of research, financial acquisitions & investments, that makes the electric vehicle segment thrilling. Well, there is also the forward push by the government and the references of its think-tank, NITI Aayog.

Why EV’s? The innovation of internal combustion engine is one of the best creations of humankind. The traditional vehicles with ICE provide a good performance but are the major cause for poor efficiency and environment pollution across the country.

Decreasing fuel consumption and carbon emissions are the most important goal among the present day plan of government across the globe. Thinking about the future of a country, an efficient and eco-friendly electric two-wheeler must be designed and manufactured.

What’s the need of Electric and Hybrid Two Wheelers?

All existing two wheelers that are in the market cause pollution and their fuel cost is also swelling day by day.  To compensate the changing fuel cost and dipping the pollution, a good remedy is needed.

Zero tailpipe emission technologies have long been held up as the last solution to transportation-related pollution problems. Electric two wheelers have been offered for several decades. Electric two wheelers, with their zero tailpipe emissions, can significantly improve urban air quality.

Working Principle


 
The working starts with a battery connection.  The battery consists of two terminals one is positive and another one is the negative terminal.  The positive terminal is linked to the stator body of the motor on the other hand, the negative terminal is linked to the edge of the vehicle. The battery and the motor are connected into series.  The wire connections were made for the flow of electrons starting with one section then onto the next part. At the point when the engine empowers through the current, the stator field coil gets magnetized and induces the rotor shaft to rotate in the counter clockwise direction. Towards the finish of the engine shaft significant conditions were made for the seating of clutch assembly. Clutch is a power transmission gadget, which offers drive to the back wheel. The Clutch get together is situated with the rotor shaft through needle orientation. On the other end of the rotor shaft an alternator is settled for the reviving framework, as it is an electrical gadget which changes over the rotational power into the electromotive power. This alternator is connected to revive the battery while the vehicle is in movement. This course of action is done through V-belt pulley.

The current flows from the battery with a guide of control framework to the stator body. This current makes the field coil temporarily magnetized with the goal that the rotor shaft tends to pivot in its virtual speed. As there is a V-belt drive between the pedal shaft and the grasp gathering, the movement of the vehicle is sufficiently attained.

The speed in the pedal shaft is constantly lessened with the utilization of sprockets. Here the speed decrease is in the proportion of 1:4. This game plan lessens the speed of the engine repeatedly. To the correct side of the vehicle there lies a chain drive for the pedal shaft. A free wheel is mounted on the back wheel to limit the turn of the pedal under running condition.

What are the principal parts of electric two wheelers framework?

Basically, a two wheeler gets its electricity from two sources – a battery and an alternator. The function of the battery is to store charge, it maintains a stated voltage and keeps the electrical system working when the engine is switched off.

On the other hand, the alternator, produces electricity when the engine is switched on. It takes care of spreading electricity to numerous electrical devices and charges the battery on the go. Let’s go in little detail of the two: