Blog Description

Bio Pesticides: Thrust on Bio Agriculture

Global Bio pesticides market

Chemicals | Oct, 2017

Bio pesticides are natural derivatives which are made by using biological raw materials, sourced from animals, plants, microbial organisms and minerals. The bio pesticides are tailored to be utilized in liquid as well as dry formulations and are highly efficient in killing pests, weeds and other pathogens. The adoption of bio pesticides is witnessing modest growth as bio pesticides do not contain hazardous and toxic chemicals in their composition.

The increasing trend towards the organic farming coupled with growing consumer preference for organic food is escalating the scope of bio pesticides and encouraging the farmers to adopt bio.   Several policies and regulations launched by government are fostering the Global Bio pesticides market. Lower human health risks associated with exposure to Bio pesticides as compared to conventional chemical pesticides would further hasten the Global Bio pesticides market over the coming years.


                                                                                            Germany Organic Agricultural Land (Million Hectare) & Growth Rate (in %), 2001-2016

Market Developments & Trends:

Zero Residue Farming: Deteriorating quality of land and decreased soil fertility due to the use of synthetic pesticides has pressurized agriculture industry to minimize chemical residues in soil. The target can only be  achieved through zero residue farming that uses biofertilizers and Bio Pesticides and ultimately reduces burden on environment and reduces chemical residues as it uses organically derived biocides.

Easy Registration of Bio Pesticides: Owing to fewer risks posed by Bio Pesticides in comparison to synthetic pesticides the data required for its registration in comparison to chemical pesticides, EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) requires less data for registering a bio pesticide in comparison to chemical pesticides. Data like composition, composition, toxicity, degradation needs to be submitted by registrant to EPA for chemical pesticides.    

Mergers & Acquisitions: Many leading players in agrochemical industry has witnessed the trend of mergers and acquisitions in past years leading to boom in Bio Pesticides market. Three super giants have been witnessed in agrochemical industry with the acquisition of Syngenta by ChemChina, acquisition of Monsanto by Bayer and merger of Dow and Dupont.

Additionally, declining arable land, launch of new bio pesticides using novel formulation techniques, penetration of Public Private Partnership (PPP) concept and stringent government initiatives such as Europe’s Sustainable Use Directive, Canadian Bans etc. is expected to accelerate the Global Bio Pesticides market at a prodigious rate.

Major Regulatory Actions/ Bodies:

India: The Insecticides Act (1968) regulates Bio Pesticides for its induced production and application. CIB and RC work under this act as highly powerful bodies to regulate Bio Pesticides. There is also a role of ICAR in Bio Pesticides regulation.


China: The regulation on Pesticide Administration (1997) was introduced to regulate pesticide/bio pesticide and agrochemical market. Bio Pesticides are regulated by MOA in addition with other Ministries. ICAMA is the national regulatory authority which supervises the pesticide registration.

Germany: At national level the regulation in Germany (EC) No. 1107/2009 is implemented through the GPPA 2012. The PPA covers plant protection products, adjuvants and plant resistance improvers. In 2003 PAN launched the OISAT program in Germany and the aim is to limit the use of hazardous pesticides by providing safer alternatives.

Australia: Bio pesticide regulation is governed by NRS which is partnership program between the Australian state and territory governments. Currently COAG is most considerable regulatory body. The regulatory system is controlled by an authority named as APVMA 1992, which was previously known as NRA.

United States: USEPA is the main authority to regulate the use, sale and distribution of biological pesticides. USEPAs have mainly three parts: FIFRA 1947, FEDCA 1938 and FQPA 1996. US – BPIA promotes industry standards for Bio Pesticides. BPIA is working with the EPA to register Bio Pesticides and even worked as a reliable source of information for Bio Pesticides.


Conclusion:

The growth in the global bio-pesticides market is expected on account of various promotional activities carried out by government agencies and groups to replace the hazardous and expensive synthetic pesticides with environment friendly and cheaper substitutes. In addition to this, the emerging food security issues, across the globe due to population outburst is further supporting the demand for bio-pesticides in developing as well as developed nations. The agrarian economies such as India, Brazil, etc. are extensively adopting sustainable crop protection products and chemicals in their farming methods, which is anticipated to drive the global Bio-Pesticides market over the coming years.

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