Press Release

India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market Expected to Grow at a Strong CAGR through 2028F

The increasing water scarcity and rising demand for clean & safe water drive the market for India wastewater treatment plants in the forecast period.

According to TechSci Research report, “India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market - By Region, Competition Forecast & Opportunities, 2028,the India wastewater treatment plants market is expected to boost in the upcoming years due to the severe government regulations in the nation and the escalating water pollution. Moreover, residential water treatment and sewage treatment facilities are developing and supporting market development. The demand for drinking water and the production of wastewater have increased exponentially as a result of fast urbanization and strong economic expansion. The estimated amount of wastewater produced per person in class-I and class-II cities and towns, which make up more than 70% of India's urban population, is roughly 98 lpcd, whereas the rate in major cities such as Mumbai and Delhi are a startling 220 lpcd. Untreated urban wastewater makes up an alarmingly high 70% of all discharges into rivers and the ocean.

According to a 2019 study, only 7000 million liters per day (MLD) of the 33000 MLD of waste produced each day are collected and treated at the majority of the sewage treatment facilities built under the Ganga Action Plan and Yamuna Action Plan. The report also notes that the National Policy on Fecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) was adopted in 2017 as part of the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) because only 64% of India's 846 municipal sewage treatment plants were operational, resulting in a net capacity to process only 37% of the total human waste generated every day in urban India.

Due to recent economic changes and migration, India's urban centers are growing at a never-before-seen rate. In search of better job prospects and a better quality of life, 1.38 billion people (as of 2020) are rapidly relocating to metropolitan regions. According to recent estimates by United Nations, in 2019, 483 million people live in urban regions or 35% of the world's population. According to the 2011 Census, 53 Indian cities had a population of over a million people. The number of people living in urban areas is expected to reach 607 million by 2030 and 877 million by 2050, representing 50% of the world's population. This uncontrollable population expansion is putting a lot of pressure on urban planners, especially when it comes to supplying necessities like clean, affordable water. To supply such massive cities, water will eventually be withdrawn from the communal pool, which serves a variety of sectoral demands. Sectoral water demands are at all-time highs due to the escalating demands of industry, agriculture, residential supply, and energy. By 2050, India would need 1,447 km3 of water, of which 74% will be utilized for agriculture, according to predictions. The remaining water will be utilized for energy (9%) production, industry (4%), drinking water (7%) and other uses (6%) respectively.

Based on type, the India wastewater treatment plants market is segmented into municipal and industrial. The municipal segment held the largest market share in 2022 owing to the financial support from the state or union governments in the municipal sector. The expense of developing physical factories is assisted by the government. The industrial sector, on the other hand, is anticipated to see the greatest CAGR throughout the forecast period. The development of onsite wastewater treatment facilities by enterprises in response to environmental laws is anticipated to drive the market over the projected period.

In terms of regional analysis, the India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market is segmented into North India, South India, East India, & West India. With a significant CAGR in the upcoming years, West India is expected to dominate the India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market. The Western region dominates the market because areas like Gujarat and Maharashtra are becoming more industrialized. For example, Gujarat and Mumbai-Pune both require a lot of water to support industrial activity. As a result, businesses are increasingly utilizing recovered wastewater. Moreover, the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation has recently advised firms to acquire and use its treated water for industrial purposes.

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) recently conducted research that found that India's metropolitan areas produced 72,368 MLD of sewage in the years 2020–21. The actual capacity for processing sewage is just 26,869 MLD, which is far less than the load produced, despite the built capacity of 31,841 MLD. Of the total quantity of created urban sewage, only 28% (20,236 MLD) was converted into wastewater. This indicates that 72% of the wastewater is discharged into lakes, rivers, and groundwater without being treated. Upgrades to the infrastructure have been suggested, including adding 4,827 MLD to the capacity for sewage treatment. According to the 2001 Census, wastewater generation from Class I cities and Class II towns is expected to be 29,129 MLD; however, assuming a 30% decadal increase in urban population, it is estimated to rise to 33,212 MLD at this time. Contrarily, the current capacity for sewage treatment is just 6,190 MLD. There is still a 79% (22,939 MLD) shortfall between sewage generation and the capacity for sewage treatment already in place. Now, construction work is anticipated to add 1742.6 MLD to the wastewater treatment capacity. Even if this is added to the present capacity, there is still a 21,196 MLD, or 73%, shortage in sewage treatment capacity. Untreated wastewater entering the region's rivers, lakes, and groundwater aquifers causes water quality to become poisoned and degrade. The CPCB has chosen 351 segments on 323 rivers in order to monitor the river water quality using biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) as a pollution indicator. The monitoring data indicates that 13% of the Indian River segments are Priority 1, which means they are severely polluted, and 17% of the Priority 2 and Priority 3 segments are classed as moderately or dangerously polluted.

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Key market players in the India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market include:

  • Thermax Ltd
  • VA Tech Wabag Ltd
  •  Veolia India Private Limited
  • Ion Exchange India Ltd
  • Nalco Water India Ltd
  • Doshion Veolia Water Solutions Pvt Ltd
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited
  • Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd
  • Paramount Limited
  • IVRCL Infrastructures & Projects Ltd


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“The India Wastewater Treatment Plants market is expected to boost in the upcoming years and maintain a high CAGR from 2023E-2028F owing to the increasing prevalence of waterborne diseases and rising demand for clean & safe water, water scarcity, among others across the country. The World Bank also claims that by implementing efficient water management plans, India is expected to see an additional 0.5% economic growth. According to projections, it leads the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth to 8% annually. Additionally, India is the world's sixth-largest market for environmental technology, with the second-largest market share in the wastewater management subsector. Many government initiatives, such as the National Mission for Clean Ganga, Jal Jeevan Mission, and Community Drinking Water Schemes, have contributed to the growth of the Indian wastewater treatment plants market. Therefore, the market growth of wastewater treatment plants is expected to rise in the upcoming years,” said Mr Karan Chechi, Research Director with TechSci Research, a research-based global management consulting firm.

India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market By Type (Municipal & Industrial), By Plant Category (Less Than 50 MLD, 51-100 MLD, 101-200 MLD, 201-500 MLD & Above 501), By Process (Moving Bed Biological Reactor (MBBR) & Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR), By Operating Mode (EPC, BOO & BOOT), By End User Industry (Refineries, Pharmaceuticals, Power, Steel, Chemicals, Paper & Pulp, Sugar, Textile, Others), By Region, Competition, Forecast & Opportunities, 2028, has evaluated the future growth potential of India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market and provides statistics and information on market structure, size, share, and future growth. The report is intended to provide cutting-edge market intelligence and help decision makers take sound investment decisions. Besides, the report also identifies and analyzes the emerging trends along with essential drivers, challenges, and opportunities present in the India Wastewater Treatment Plants Market.


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