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How is Membrane Bioreactor a Key to Solve Water Shortage Problem of India?

Acute Water Shortage, Declining Water Levels and Increasing Water Demand are Necessitating the Adoption of MBR in India:

India is one of the fastest growing economy and is witnessing rapid scale of industrialization and burgeoning population, which are putting coercing the water availability in the nation. The economic and population growth in the country are slowing down per capita availability of water and the situation is expected to worsen in the coming years due to limited availability of fresh water resources. If the water utilization is to continue at the same rate, the water demand for domestic, agriculture and manufacturing sector is expected to outpace the water supply by 2050.

Main Purpose of Installation:

Inadequate treatment of sewage discharge remains a major challenge for the country. The wastewater treatment infrastructure of India has not undergone modernization and advancement in terms of wastewater treatment technology to face challenges posed by rapidly growing population. Consequently, the increasing expenditure on advanced wastewater treatment technologies and equipment in the country is the major purpose for MBR installation in India. In addition to this, the easiness in operation of MBRs have led to the decreased cost of maintenance and energy saving, and has alleviated the reliance over operators and engineers for the purpose of handling the machine. The automation has brought operational stability to wastewater treatment process, with lesser errors and easy monitoring, demanding much lesser manual input, as compared to conventional wastewater treatment systems.


India Wastewater Capital Expenditure, 2013-18 (USD Billion)

Increasing Penetration of MBR is Evident in Industrial Applications:

Power generation industry is playing a crucial role in the country’s growing energy demand and account for a sizable portion of water consumption in India. The cooling towers in a thermal power plant require bulk loads of water supply for the purpose but the frequent occurrence of droughts is causing the plants to shut down and power outages in the nation. As a result, industrial experts are keen on adopting membrane bioreactors as a powerful and an effective water reclamation & reuse tool to meet the water demand. HPCL Mittal Energy Limited and Pragati Power Corporation Limited are currently utilizing MBR technology at their plants.

In addition to power sector, other industries such as oil & gas, chemical, pharmaceutical and many more are also witnessing installation of MBR in the country.



In conclusion, the India Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) market is expected to showcase significant growth during the forecast period owing to the rising shortage of clean water in the country. The technical upgradations of the existing centralized Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs), Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) and sewerage pipelines is increasing the penetration of advanced wastewater treatment technologies in India. Additionally, the operational simplicity offered by MBRs is also fostering its applications in on-site reclamation of municipal sewage coupled with industrial effluent reuse. The advantageous features such as ease of cleaning coupled with automation & reduction of pumps, controls and manual labor are offering dual benefit to the municipal and industrial set-ups. Consequently, the India MBR market would continue to grow at a healthy rate through 2026.

India Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) market is controlled by these major players, namely–  QUA Water Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Seamak Group, Veolia India, Koch Chemical Technology Group India Private Limited, etc.

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